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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1907–1910 | Cite as

Facile Synthesis of Co3O4/CoO Nanoparticles by Thermal Treatment of Ball-Milled Precursors

  • I. Manouchehri
  • P. Kameli
  • H. Salamati
Original Paper

Abstract

Co3O4/CoO nanoparticles have been synthesized by a simple method which is based on the ball-milling and calcination of cobalt acetate and citric acid. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results show that Co3O4 nanoparticles with an average particle size of ∼40 nm can be obtained by calcination of ball-milled precursors at relatively low temperature (350 °C) for 3 hours. It should be noted that it is possible to control the size of Co3O4 particles by calcination temperature, calcination time and also by ball-milling duration using this method. Meanwhile, the pure CoO nanoparticles were obtained successfully by thermal decomposition of Co3O4 at 950 °C and quickly quenching to liquid nitrogen.

Keywords

Cobalt oxides Nanoparticles Ball mill X-ray diffraction 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials InstituteIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

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