HTS SMES Application for the Frequency Stabilization of Grid-Connected Wind Power Generation System
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Output power of the wind power generation system (WPGS) fluctuates due to wind speed variation and affects the frequency and voltage fluctuations of the utility. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) can overcome these fluctuations because of fast response time for energy charging and discharging. To stabilize the frequency fluctuation, HTS SMES should be connected to the terminal of the WPGS. Ulleung island power network in Korea was modeled to demonstrate the effectiveness of SMES for frequency stabilization. Based on the simulation results using EMTDC, a toroidal-type HTS SMES cooled by conduction cooling method and a DC/DC chopper for current charging and discharging were fabricated for experiment. Power network including WPGS was implemented through a Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). The simulation and experimental results for frequency stabilization using real HTS SMES and RTDS are discussed in detail.
KeywordsFrequency stabilization HTS SMES RTDS Wind power generation system
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