Determination of Factors Affecting Self-Transcendence and Meaning in Life Among the Elderly Receiving Institutional Care

Abstract

This study was conducted in order to determine factors that influence self-transcendence and meaning in life in the elderly receiving institutional care. This descriptive and analytic study was conducted on 72 elderly individuals living in a nursing home in Turkey. Data were collected with the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL), the Lawton&Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ) and the Self-Transcendence Scale (STS). The mean score of STS is 48.17 ± 6.67 at the intermediate level, and the mean scores of presence and search subscales of the MLQ are 28.07 ± 6.55 and 24.06 ± 7.73 above the intermediate level. The STS mean score is poorly correlated with the ADL (r = 0.277) and the IADL scale (r = 0.343). Increased perception of general health status of the elderly improved self-transcendence (ST) level (p = 0.04) and search for meaning in life (ML) level (p = 0.02). These findings show that the health perceptions of the elderly must be improved in the first place.

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Usta, E., Bayram, S. Determination of Factors Affecting Self-Transcendence and Meaning in Life Among the Elderly Receiving Institutional Care. J Relig Health (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01165-7

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Keywords

  • Self-transcendence
  • Meaning in life
  • Elderly people
  • Nursing home