The present research is a descriptive analytical study which is conducted on 540 students. Multistage random sampling method was used. Data gathered by questionnaire consist of demographic factors and spirituality assessment questionnaire and self-efficacy questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests including t test, Chi-square, one-way ANOVA and correlation between variables through SPSS16 and EQS6.1 Software. Positive coefficients in regression equations showed positive relationship of spiritual capability (P < 0.001, r = 0.932) and spirituality with perceived self-efficacy (P < 0.001, r = 0.394) so that an increase in one of them will lead to increase in another one; this result is matched with research hypothesis. It is recommended to officials and managers of universities to create some mechanisms in order to improve and promote spirituality in university to promote self-efficacy of students and also to adopt a spiritual approach in curriculums of higher education.
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We appreciate all students who participated and collaborated in this study.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The present study involves the use of human participants and was approved by Religion and Health Studies Center in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Project Number: 6654—Ethics Committee Code: IR.SBMU.PHNS.rec.1395.88).
All participants viewed an informed consent page and consented to participation in the study.
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Rakhshanderou, S., Safari-Moradabadi, A. & Ghaffari, M. Structural Equation Modeling of the Spirituality and Self-efficacy Among College Students. J Relig Health 60, 488–499 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-00984-y
- Perceived self-efficacy
- College students
- Structural equation modeling