Religion and HIV Risk Among Male Market Vendors in Kazakhstan

Abstract

This study examines associations between religion and sexual HIV risk among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market vendors in Kazakhstan. In the multivariate analysis, religious influence was associated with a lower likelihood of having multiple partners. Regular attendance was associated with a lower likelihood of having anal sex with a male partner, but with increased likelihood of having multiple partners. Spending time socially with friends at a mosque or church was associated with lower risk of anal sex with a male partner and lower risk of unprotected sex.

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Funding

This study was funded by the National Institute of Health, NIMH R01 MH082684 to Dr. Nabila El-Bassel.

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Correspondence to Stacey A. Shaw.

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Shaw, S.A., Mergenova, G. & El-Bassel, N. Religion and HIV Risk Among Male Market Vendors in Kazakhstan. J Relig Health 59, 2019–2031 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00929-0

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Keywords

  • Religion
  • HIV risk
  • Kazakhstan
  • Central Asia