Understanding the Perception of Islamic Medicine Among the Malaysian Muslim Community
This study was conducted to identify and describe the patients’ perceptions of Islamic medicine based on gender, age, marital, educational level and working status among the Malaysian Muslim population. A nationwide interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013. An open-ended questionnaire pertaining to Islamic medicine was used to increase the probability of capturing maximum data. This survey implemented a multistage design, stratified by state, proportionate to the size of the state population and was representative of the Malaysian population. Post-survey classification of results was performed accordingly. Complex data analysis was carried out using SPSS 16.0. The discussion was identified and categorised into various sections. The paper concludes that Islamic medicine has a major influence in the Malaysian Muslim community compared to other alternatives. Further, its potential for growth and importance especially for treating spiritual ailments cannot be denied. The respondents indicated that two factors motivate Islamic medicine in Malaysia: (1) the Muslim community opts for alternative healing because of their dissatisfaction with conventional methods; (2) Islamic medicine focuses only on healing spiritual-related problems. The average perception of respondents is that the function of Islamic medicine in healing physical diseases is undervalued and that it is not suitable to replace the functions of modern health institutions.
KeywordsIslamic medicine Spiritual disorder Malaysia Perception Function
The authors would like to thank the Academy of Islamic Studies at University of Malaya for their continuous support for the research and writing of this article. The authors would also like to thank Department of al-Quran and al-Hadith, Academy of Islamic Studies, for financial assistance to cover publication fees of this article. The Grant provided to the authors under Research Project FP025-2015A is highly appreciated.
This study was funded by University of Malaya (FP025-2015A).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
- Abdul Ghani, M. (2004). Penggunaan Ayat al-Qur’an dalam Bidang Perubatan: Kajian di Darussyifa’, Bangi, Disertasi Sarjana, Jabatan al-Quran dan al-Hadith, Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.Google Scholar
- Abuduli, M., Ezat, W. P., & Aljunid, S. (2011). Role of traditional and complementary medicine in universal coverage. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 11(2), 1–5.Google Scholar
- Al-Rawi, S., & Fetters, M. D. (2012). Traditional Arabic & Islamic medicine: A conceptual model for clinicians and researchers. Global J Health Sc, 4(3), 164–169.Google Scholar
- Asman, O. (2008). qur’anic healing for spiritual ailments: Between tradition, religious law and contemporary law. Medical Law, 27, 259–284.Google Scholar
- Baharuddin, A. (1993). Science and belief: Discourse on new perceptions. Kuala Lumpur: Institut Kajian Dasar.Google Scholar
- Bodeker, G., Ong, C. K., Grundy, C., Burford, G., & Shein, K. (2005). WHO global atlas of traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Japan: WHO Kobe Centre.Google Scholar
- Deuraseh, N., & Mohd Tohar, S. N. A. (2007). Healing through Ruqyah (Incantation) with special focus on the perception of Malay-Muslim society in Kelantan and Terengganu on Ruqyah as an alternative way of healing in Malaysia. Journal of International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 6–7, 50–54.Google Scholar
- Hamidah, A. M. D., Zainudin, A., Rustam, M. D., Azmi, M., Tamil, M. D., Latiff, A., et al. (2009). Prevalence and parental perceptions of complementary and alternative medicine use by children with cancer in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian population. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 52, 70–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ibrahim, B. S. (2003). Spiritual medicine in the history of Islamic medicine. Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 2(4), 45–49.Google Scholar
- Kabit, D. A. H. et al. (eds) (2007). Annual Report Ministry of Health Malaysia 2007, Putrajaya: Ministry of Health Malaysia. http://www.moh.gov.my/images/gallery/publications/md/ar/2007-2.pdf.
- Khadher, A. (2012). Analisis Hadith Mengenai Rawatan Sihir Dalam al-Kutub al-Sittah: Aplikasi di Pusat Rawatan Islam di Malaysia, (Ph.D. Thesis, Department of al-Quran and al-Hadith, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.Google Scholar
- Mohd Farhan, M. A., Khadher, A., Muhammad Ikhlas, R., & Mohamad Zaim, I. (2016). Rawatan Kesihatan Berasaskan Perubatan Alternatif Islam: Persepsi Masyarakat Di Malaysia, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP): Sidang Ke-55 MABBIM pada 4–7 April 2016. Jurnal Rampak Serantau, 23(6), 1–30.Google Scholar
- Nagamia, H. (2003). Islamic medicine history and current practice. Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 2(4), 19–30.Google Scholar
- Norhasmilia, S., Mazanah, M., & Steven, E. K. (2014). The Islamic healing approach to cancer treatment in Malaysia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Care, 4(6), 1–7.Google Scholar
- Roland, W. (1983). Transcultural healing, the whole human. Kuala Lumpur: University Malaya Press.Google Scholar
- Suhaiza H. M. Z. (2015). Islamic Medical Practice: A Prospect of Islamic Medical Tourism, in Research report issued by the University of Malaya 1, 15-16. Link: http://umresearch.um.edu.my/Vol12015/index.html#p=15.
- Traditional and Complementary Medicine (Bahagian Perubatan Tradisional dan Komplementari) at URL: http://tcm.moh.gov.my/v4/bmelayu/.
- The World Health Organisation (2001). Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/Alternative Medicine, A Worldwide Review. Geneva: WHO, WHO/EDM/TRM/2001.2.Google Scholar
- Yucel, S. (2007). The Effects of Prayer on Muslim Patients’ Well-Being. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Boston University School of Theology, Boston, USA.Google Scholar
- Zulfakar, R. S. (2010). Pendakwaan Jenayah Sihir: Prinsip-Prinsip Pembuktian dan Akta Keterangan Mahkamah Syariah” (kertas kerja, Muzakarah Pakar: Pendakwaan Pesalah Sihir di Mahkamah Syariah. Shah Alam, Malaysia: Jabatan Mufti Negeri Selangor dengan kerjasama PISANG.Google Scholar