Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 938–950 | Cite as

Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Hope in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease

  • Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh
  • Mohammad Ali Soleimani
  • Kelly A. Allen
  • Yiong Huak Chan
  • Kaye A. Herth
Original Paper


Spirituality and hope have been identified as important constructs in health research, since both are thought to enhance a person’s ability to cope with the consequences of serious illness. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between spiritual well-being and hope in patients with cardiovascular disease. Using descriptive, correlational methodology, the investigator gathered data on a convenience sample of 500 patients with cardiovascular disease who were hospitalized in a medical institution in Iran. The study was conducted over a four-month period. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) and the Herth Hope Index (HHI). The mean score on the SWBS and HHI was 86.21 (SD 12.46) and 34.80 (SD 5.05), respectively. Multivariate predictors for spiritual well-being were female gender (p = 0.047), religiosity (p = 0.018), and hope (p < 0.001). Significant predictors of hope were marital status (p < 0.001), educational status (p < 0.001), economic status (p < 0.001), and spiritual well-being (p < 0.001). Findings suggest that multiple factors may impact spiritual well-being and hope. Therefore, this study has implications for those providing care to patients with cardiovascular disease.


Spirituality Hope Cardiovascular disease Iran 



This study was funded by Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (Grant Number P.58).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declared no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ali Soleimani
    • 1
  • Kelly A. Allen
    • 2
  • Yiong Huak Chan
    • 3
  • Kaye A. Herth
    • 4
  1. 1.Social Determinants of Health Research CenterQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran
  2. 2.The Melbourne Graduate School of EducationThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Biostatistics Unit, Yong Loo Lin School of MedicineNational University Health SystemSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Minnesota State University, MankatoMankatoUSA

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