Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 1160–1171 | Cite as

Religiosity as a Moderator of Self-Efficacy and Social Support in Predicting Traumatic Stress Among Combat Soldiers

  • Yael Israel-Cohen
  • Oren Kaplan
  • Smadar Noy
  • Gabriela Kashy-Rosenbaum
Original Paper


Based on a sample of 54 Israeli soldiers (51 % non-religious, 49 % religious) surveyed upon their return from combat, this study investigates the moderating role of religiosity as a factor that may strengthen cognitive processing tied to the belief in oneself to persevere (i.e., self-efficacy) after trauma and/or as a factor tied to enhanced external social support that religious individuals in particular may benefit from by their involvement in a religious community. Findings revealed (1) social support was tied to greater resilience within the general sample; (2) religious soldiers were less susceptible to traumatic stress than non-religious soldiers; and (3) religiosity moderated the relationship between self-efficacy and traumatic stress but not the relationship between social support and traumatic stress. Implications of findings are discussed.


Self-efficacy Social support Traumatic stress Combat soldiers Israel 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Standard

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yael Israel-Cohen
    • 1
  • Oren Kaplan
    • 2
  • Smadar Noy
    • 3
  • Gabriela Kashy-Rosenbaum
    • 4
  1. 1.Crown Family Center for Israel and Jewish Studies, and Sociology, Religion, and Gender StudiesNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.School of Business AdministrationCollege of Management Academic StudiesRishon LezionIsrael
  3. 3.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyAshkelon Academic CollegeAshkelonIsrael
  4. 4.Department of EducationAshkelon Academic CollegeAshkelonIsrael

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