Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 26–37 | Cite as

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Clerical Students with Respect to HIV/AIDS in Iran, 2011

  • Mansour Shamsipour
  • Razieh Khajehkazemi
  • Ali Akbar Haghdoost
  • Hamidreza Setayesh
  • Sajjad KarimanMajd
  • Ehsan Mostafavi
Original Paper


In this study, knowledge and attitude of Iranian clerical students toward HIV and AIDS was assessed. Through a cross-sectional study, 367 clerical students were surveyed, in convenience sampling method, in the Qom seminary in 2011, utilizing a self-administered structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was piloted on 20 clerical student volunteers, internal consistency measured with Cronbach’s alpha was 0.89. Participants’ scores of knowledge and attitude were calculated out of 100. The level of knowledge in 37.33 % of participants was good (scores >80), whereas 46.05 and 16.62 % had moderate (40 < scores ≤ 80) and poor (scores ≤40) levels of knowledge, respectively. The mean score of knowledge and attitude was 58.29 (95 % CI 56.11–60) and 77.26 (95 % CI 75.92–78.59) out of 100, respectively. A significant correlation was observed between level of knowledge and attitude (r = 0.33, P < 0.001). Knowledge score appeared to be significantly higher in women compared to men (p = 0.04). With an increase in age, the level of knowledge significantly decreased (r = −0.10, P = 0.02). We could also detect a statistically significant relationship between attending educational courses on HIV/AIDS and inclusion of HIV/AIDS topics in the individual’s sermons (P < 0.001). Although clerical students had shown some sort of positive attitudes toward HIV, their knowledge still needs to be improved to enable them to deliver more accurate information to the community during the course of their speeches. Having HIV-related courses as part of their curriculum or aside may contribute a lot to this.


Knowledge Attitude Clerical student Islam AIDS HIV Iran 



The study was financially supported by Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Grant No. 90.169). The authors would like to express their special thanks to the university and UNAIDS authorities for their support in preparing the gifts for the participants. We would also like to thank the authorities of the Qom seminary, in particular, Mr. Amirian, and all participants, for their kind cooperation.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mansour Shamsipour
    • 1
  • Razieh Khajehkazemi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ali Akbar Haghdoost
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hamidreza Setayesh
    • 4
    • 5
  • Sajjad KarimanMajd
    • 6
  • Ehsan Mostafavi
    • 7
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Bio-statistics, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Regional Knowledge Hub, and WHO Collaborating Centre for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in HealthKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  3. 3.Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in HealthKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  4. 4.Iranian Association of Medical LawTehranIran
  5. 5.Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)KhartoumSudan
  6. 6.Cultural UnitArt University of TehranTehranIran
  7. 7.Department of EpidemiologyPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran

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