The Impact of Religious Coping on the Acculturative Stress and Alcohol Use of Recent Latino Immigrants
Religion plays a prominent role in Latino culture and could be influential during difficult life transitions, such as those experienced during the immigration process. This study examines relations between religious coping, acculturative stress, and alcohol use in a sample of 415 recent Latino immigrants. Higher levels of acculturative stress were associated more positive and negative religious coping. Positive religious coping was related to lower alcohol use. Negative religious coping moderated the relationship between acculturative stress and alcohol use. Participants who used more negative religious coping had higher rates of alcohol use when experiencing high levels acculturative stress. Implications for culturally tailored prevention/interventions are discussed.
KeywordsAcculturation Latinos Immigration Religious coping Alcohol use
This study was supported by award number P20MD002288 from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities and a pre-doctoral fellowship award from the National Institute Drug Abuse (NIDA), award number 1F31 DA029400-01.
- Babor, T. F., Biddle-Higgins, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (2001). The alcohol use disorders identification test: Guidelines for use in primary health care. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- Bauer, D. J., & Curran, P. J. (2011). Introduction to structural equation modeling: Course notes. Raleigh: Curran-Bauer Analytics.Google Scholar
- Bollen, K., & Long, S. (1993). Testing structural equation models. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
- Byrne, B. M. (2001). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Crockett, L. J., Iturbide, M. I., Torres Stone, R. A., McGinley, M., Raffaelli, M., & Carlo, G. (2007). Acculturative stress, social support and coping: Relations to psychological adjustment among Mexican American college students. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 13, 347–355.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- De La Rosa, M., Babino, R., Rosario, A., Valiente, N., & Aijaz, N. (2012). Challenges and Strategies in Recruiting, Interviewing, & Retaining Recent Latino Immigrants in substance abuse and HIV Epidemiologic Studies. American Journal on Addictions, 21, 11–22. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2011.00193.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ennis, S. R., Rios-Vargas, M., & Albert, N. G. (2011). The Hispanic population: 2010 (2010 Census Briefs C2010BR-04). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-04.pdf.
- Fitchett, G., Murphy, P., Kim, J., Gibbons, L., Cameron, J. R., & Davis, J. (2004). Religious struggle: Prevalence, correlates and mental health risks in diabetic, congestive heart failure, and oncology patients. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 34, 179–196.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gil, A. G., & Vega, W. A. (2001). Latino drug use, scope, risk factors and reduction strategies. In M. Aguirre-Molina, C. W. Molina, & R. E. Zambrana (Eds.), Health issues in the Latino community (pp. 435–458). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Gloria, A. M., & Peregoy, J. J. (1996). Counseling Latino alcohol and other substance users/abusers: Cultural considerations for Counselors. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 13, 119–126. Google Scholar
- Gonzalez-Whippler, M. (2001). Santería: The religion. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn.Google Scholar
- Kaiser, H. F. (1974). Little Jiffy. Mark IV. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 34, 117.Google Scholar
- Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Lara, M., Gamboa, C., Kahramanian, M. I., Morales, L. S., & Hayes Bautista, D. E. (2005). Acculturation and Latino health in the United States: A review of the literature and its sociopolitical context. Annual Review of Public Health, 26, 367–397. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144615.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Loury, S., & Kulbok, P. (2007). Correlates of alcohol and tobacco use among Mexican immigrants in rural North Carolina. Farm Community Health, 30, 247–256.Google Scholar
- Mausbach, B. T., Coon, D. W., Cardenas, V., & Thompson, L. W. (2003). Religious coping among Caucasian and Latina dementia caregivers. Journal of Mental Health and Aging, 9, 97–100.Google Scholar
- Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
- Osborne, J. W., & Costello, A. B. (2009). Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: Four recommendations for getting the most out of your analysis. Pan-Pacific Management Review, 12, 131–146.Google Scholar
- Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping: Theory, research, and practice. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Passel, J. S., & Cohn, D. (2011). Unauthorized immigrant populations: National and state trends, 2010. Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/files/reports/133.pdf.
- Pew Hispanic Center. (2012). The 10 largest Hispanic origin groups: Characteristics, rankings, top counties. Retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/2012/06/27/the-10-largest-hispanic-origin-groups-characteristics-rankings-top-counties.
- Pew Research Center. (2014). The shifting religious identity of Latinos in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.pewforum.org/files/2014/05/Latinos-and-Religion-05-06-full-report-final.pdf.
- Rabinowitz, Y. G., Hartlaub, M. G., Saenz, E. C., Thompson, L. W., & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (2010). Is religious coping associated with cumulative health risk? An examination of religious coping styles and health behaviors patterns in Alzheimer’s dementia caregivers. Journal of Religion and Health, 49, 498–512.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Scherer, F. (2001). Sanfancón: Orientalism, Self Orientalization, and Chinese Religion in Cuba. In P. Taylor (Ed.), Nation dance: Religion, identity, and cultural difference in the Caribbean. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau. (2011). Decennial census 2000 and 2010. Miami-Dade County, Department of Planning and Zoning. Retrieved from http://www.miamidade.gov/planning/library/reports/data-flash/2011-hispanics-by-origin.pdf.