Psychometric Properties of the Persian Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale in Hemodialysis Patients
- 341 Downloads
Spiritual strategies may provide an effective way of coping with disease. This study sought to investigate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the spiritual coping strategies (SCS) scale among Iranian hemodialysis patients. A convenience sample of 204 hemodialysis patients was recruited to participate in the study. A forward–backward translation method was used to produce the Persian version of the scale. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach’s alpha and item–total score correlation. Two-week test–retest reliability was also assessed. The convergent and divergent validity of the scale was evaluated using the Duke University Religion Index and a visual analogue scale for health status. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to assess the factor structure. Participants consisted of 113 males and 91 females (mean age 57.2 [SD = 9.7]). Cronbach’s alpha was acceptable (0.87). We found two underlying factors similar to the original scale. The correlations between the study scales confirmed the convergent and divergent validity of the SCS. Confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit to the data (GFI = 0.923, CFI = 0.948 and RMSEA = 0.068). The Persian version of the SCS has sound psychometric properties in Iranian hemodialysis patients. Future research should consider applying the scale to populations with other religious/cultural backgrounds.
KeywordsSpirituality Coping Hemodialysis Validity Reliability
The authors thank Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences for support to conduct the study. Also, we are grateful to Mr. Ali Karami and Mrs. Maryam Naderi for their valuable help to data collection.
- Battistello, M. (2012). Management of depression in hemodialysis patients. Canadian Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technicians Journal 22(3), 29–34; quiz 35–26.Google Scholar
- Burrai, F., Scalorbi, S., Sebastiani, S., & Cenerelli, D. (2009). Psychometric analysis of the principal components of the Spiritual Coping Strategies. Scenario, 26, 13–20.Google Scholar
- Charzynska, E. (2012). Development of a questionnaire measuring spiritual coping. Psychology and Health, 27, 177–178.Google Scholar
- Eli Friedman. (2012). A Comparison of ESRD Therapy in the United States and Overseas (An Editorial). Retrieved 2013-01-13, from The American Association of Kidney Patients (AAKP): http://www.aakp.org/aakp-library/Comparison-ESRD-Therapy-United-States-Overseas/.
- Fustos, K. (2011). The Global Muslim Population. Retrieved 2013-01-10, from Population Reference Bureau: http://www.prb.org/Articles/2011/muslim-population-growth.aspx.
- Hair, J. F. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Hutch, R. A. (2011). Health and Healing: Spiritual, Pharmaceutical, and Mechanical Medicine. Journal of Religion Health.Google Scholar
- Jeremy J. (2009). Confirmatory Factor Analysis using Amos, LISREL, Mplus, SAS/STAT CALIS. Retrieved 2013-01-5, from Indiana University: http://www.indiana.edu/~statmath.
- NIDDK. (2012). Kidney Disease Statistics for the United States. Retrieved 2013-01-16, from National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK): http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/kustats/.
- Pakpour, A. H., Yekaninejad, M., Molsted, S., Harrison, A. P., Hashemi, F., & Saffari, M. (2011). Translation, cultural adaptation assessment, and both validity and reliability testing of the kidney disease quality of life—short form version 1.3 for use with Iranian patients. Nephrology, 16(1), 106–112.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ramirez, S. P., Macedo, D. S., Sales, P. M. G., Figueiredo, S. M., Daher, E. F., Araujo, S. M., et al. (2012). The relationship between religious coping, psychological distress and quality of life in hemodialysis patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 72(2), 129–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saffari, M., Zeidi, I. M., Pakpour, A. H., & Koenig, H. G. (2012). Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL): A Study on Muslims. J Relig Health.Google Scholar
- Seidl, L. G. (1993). The value of spiritual health. Health Programme, 74(7), 48–50.Google Scholar
- Thune-Boyle, I. C., Stygall, J., Keshtgar, M. R., Davidson, T. I., & Newman, S. P. (2012). Religious/spiritual coping resources and their relationship with adjustment in patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer in the UK. Psychooncology.Google Scholar
- Weisbord, S. D., Fried, L. F., Arnold, R. M., Rotondi, A. J., Fine, M. J., Levenson, D. J., et al. (2004). Development of a symptom assessment instrument for chronic hemodialysis patients: The dialysis symptom index. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 27(3), 226–240.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- WHO. (2012). How can we achieve global equity in provision of renal replacement therapy? Retrieved 2013-01-14, from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/3/07-041715/en/.