Intrinsic Religiousness as a Mediator Between Fatalism and Cancer-Specific Fear: Clarifying the Role of Fear in Prostate Cancer Screening
Understanding factors that influence screening receptivity may enhance African-American men’s receptivity to prostate cancer screening. Men of African descent (N = 481) between the ages of 40 and 70 were recruited. The hypotheses that Fatalism would be related to Intrinsic Religiousness and Fear, Intrinsic Religiousness would act as a mediator between Fatalism and Fear, and Fatalism as well as Prostate Cancer-Specific Fear would be negatively related to past Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing and Screening Intent were supported. This meditational finding suggests that when religious beliefs are a motivating force, the fear-inducing effects of fatalism are reduced.
KeywordsIntrinsic religiousness Fatalism Fear Prostate cancer screening African-American men
This research was supported by the Cancer Research Fund under Interagency Agreement #97-12013 (University of California, Davis contract #98—00924 V) with the Department of Health Services, Cancer Research Program. We appreciate the contributions of the churches, Alex Plummer, Jr., Rev. Bernadette Hickman-Maynard, Gabrielle Taylor, and Larry Seidlitz.
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