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Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 438–448 | Cite as

Monotheistic and Spiritual Style Literature in Traditional Medicine’s Resources

  • Hossein Hatami
  • Ebrahim Afjei
  • Maryam Hatami
  • Neda Hatami
Original Paper
  • 207 Downloads

Abstract

The basis for success of Iranian Gnostics, poets and scientists were moral teaching, attention to origin and searching for specific goals in creation of human and creatures as well as finding some of his essence in studying all phenomena regarding the creation of universe by divine attitude. There is no surprise that such relationship was bilateral and according to his promise to those who truly follow him such that he will show the right path of learning to human in order to obtain the secrets of life. This relationship has resulted in growth of famous Iranian scientists such as Rhazes, Ahvazi, Avicenna, Ferdousi and… at the beginning of the second millennium. Thus, goal of this research is to study the style of writing in original resources of traditional medicine. In order to increase the accuracy of this study, an electronic database version of traditional medicine resources has been prepared. Writing style of Alhavi book (by Rhazes), Kamel-al-Sanaah (by Ahvazi), Canon of Medicine (by Avicenna) and Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi (by Jorjani) was considered. This task was accomplished by searching using related key words such as God, creator, magnificent, omnipotent, transcendent, omniscient and many other similar words and then encoding them. Finally, content analysis of these words was performed. Hundreds of monotheistic words and many small and great texts related to monotheistic literature have been encountered in the literature, and some are mentioned in the following. Rhazes has started some parts of Alhavi by remembering the name of merciful God and saluting his prophets and has mentioned “God” for more than 570 times and the word “God willing” for more than 215 times. Ahvazi has written his book called Kamel-al-Sanaah by using monotheistic literature, so that both volumes of book are started by remembering the name of God and saluting his prophets. In the introduction of first volume of his book, he has acknowledged God due to conferring logic and wisdom to human and has used the word “God” more than 230 times in his book. He has also referred to a famous testimony of Hippocrates and added some more issues in relation to medical ethics. Avicenna has started the Canon of Medicine in five volumes by remembering God and saluting his prophets. When referring to points related to having specific goal in structure of body organs, he immediately has praised God. Jorjani also has followed up the same attitude of three mentioned writers. We have found out that any of the Iranian poets, Gnostics and scientists who have studied nature have reached to the same conclusion from their own point of view, meaning, they all have observed permanent emergence of God in all phenomena of universe. Poets considered the beauties of nature, Gnostics studied mental issues and scientists of natural sciences explored the physiology and anatomy of human body; however, all of them referred to beauty, magnificent, discipline and having goal in creation of universe and all of its phenomena in their books. They have written their valuable books by benefiting monotheistic literature and have published their research results by inference of seeking God and paved the way for next generations. They experienced the usefulness of cumulative effects of spirituality, religion and health on performance and thereby emphasizing the need to incorporate spirituality and religion in teachings curriculums.

Keywords

Monotheistic literature Seeking God Spirituality Religion Gnosticism Traditional medicine Religion and scientists 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Hatami
    • 1
  • Ebrahim Afjei
    • 2
  • Maryam Hatami
    • 3
  • Neda Hatami
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Public Health, School of HealthShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesEvin, TehranIran
  2. 2.Electrical and Computer EngineeringShahid Beheshti UniversityG.C. TehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Gynecology, Tajrish Shohada HospitalShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Shahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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