Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 719–729 | Cite as

Spiritual Experiences of War Veterans Who Suffer from Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Qualitative Study

  • Masoud Sirati Nir
  • Abbas Ebadi
  • Masoud Fallahi Khoshknab
  • Abbas Tavallae
Original Paper


Recognition of the spiritual experiences of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder may be helpful in their rehabilitation. Accordingly, the present study has been carried out to determine the spiritual experiences of Iranian Muslim warriors who suffer from the previously mentioned disorder. In this qualitative study, 22 patients were selected using an objective-based sampling method and underwent an individual, semi-structured thorough interview. The data were analyzed using content analysis. The spiritual experiences of the participants were divided into two main categories as follows: (1) religious attitude consisting of three sub-categories known as “religious beliefs,” “religious sentiments,” and “religious behaviors” and (2) a national sensibility that includes the two sub-categories of “patriotism” and “proud” of being injured for my homeland. The analysis of the participants’ spiritual experiences showed that their specific religious orientation and feelings of nationalism assisted with their improved ability to cope with the consequences of their disorder. Therefore, it is recommended that caregivers use patients’ spiritual values to help them cope more efficiently.


Spirituality Religion Coping Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder War 



The authors would like to thank all the study participants, the Janbazan Engineering and Medical Sciences Research Institute for financing the project, as well as Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences for their sincere cooperation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masoud Sirati Nir
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abbas Ebadi
    • 3
  • Masoud Fallahi Khoshknab
    • 4
  • Abbas Tavallae
    • 1
  1. 1.Behavioral Sciences Research CenterBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Janbazan Engineering and Medical Sciences Research InstituteTehranIran
  3. 3.Nursing FacultyBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Nursing DepartmentUniversity of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation SciencesTehranIran

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