Irrational beliefs and unconditional self-acceptance. I. Correlational evidence linking two key features of REBT
- 1.2k Downloads
In a study with 102 non-clinical adults, relationships between measures of irrational beliefs, unconditional self-acceptance, self-esteem and the Big-5 personality dimensions were investigated. As expected, unconditional self-acceptance was highly correlated with self-esteem. In line with key tenets of REBT, individuals who scored highly on unconditional self-acceptance scored low on irrational beliefs even after self-esteem had been partialled out. Unconditional self-acceptance was found to be significantly (negatively) correlated with Neuroticism but not with other Big-5 personality dimensions. Irrational beliefs were found to correlate positively with Neuroticism and negatively with Openness. Factor analysis of the unconditional self-acceptance scale did not show a simple one-dimensional structure. A revised version of the scale comprising those items that did not load on a self-esteem factor produced a purer measure of unconditional self-acceptance that did not correlate significantly with self-esteem. The findings have implications for investigating unconditional self-acceptance in studies of therapeutic outcome.
KeywordsBig 5 irrational beliefs REBT self-acceptance self-esteem.
- Bernard M. E. (1990). Validation of General Attitude and Belief Scale. Paper presented at the World Congress on Mental Health Counseling, Keystone, ColoradoGoogle Scholar
- Blascovich J., Tomaka J., (1991). Measures of self-esteem. In: Robinson J. P., Shaver P. R., Wrightsman L. S., (eds). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. Academic Press, New York, pp. 115–160Google Scholar
- Dryden W., Neenan M., (2004). The rational emotive behavioural approach to therapeutic change. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Ellis A., (1962). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. Lyle Stuart, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Ellis A., (1977). Psychotherapy and the value of a human being. In: Ellis A., Grieger R. (eds). Handbook of rational-emotive therapy. Springer, New York, pp. 99–112Google Scholar
- Ellis A., (1994). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy: A comprehensive method of treating human disturbances. Birch Lane Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Ellis A., Harper R. A., (1961). A guide to rational living. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
- Mecca A. M., Smelser N. J., Vasconcellos J., (Eds.) (1989). The social importance of self-esteem. University of California Press, Berkeley, CAGoogle Scholar
- Rosenberg M., (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar