Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 245–263 | Cite as

Specialized Versus Versatile Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: A New Approach to Studying Intergenerational Transmission from Violent Versus Non-Violent Fathers: Latent Class Analysis

  • Sytske Besemer
Original Paper


This paper investigates whether fathers who have been convicted of a violent offense transmit criminal and violent behavior more strongly than fathers who were convicted, but never for violence. First, a more traditional approach was taken where offending fathers were divided into two groups based on whether they had a violence conviction. Secondly, Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was performed to identify two classes of fathers, one of which was characterized as violent. Sons of fathers in this class had a higher risk of violent convictions compared with sons whose fathers were in the other class.


Specialization Intergenerational transmission Latent class analysis Violence 



I am greatly indebted to David Farrington and Donald West for the data collection of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development. Furthermore I would like to thank Catrien Bijleveld, David Farrington, Christopher Geissler and the IoC Writing Group as well as the anonymous JQC reviewers and the editors for their helpful comments on drafts of this paper. I would also like to thank the Gates Cambridge Trust, Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds and VSBfonds for financial assistance to undertake this research. Data collection for the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development was funded by the UK Home Office. An earlier version of this article was presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology in San Francisco.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of CriminologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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