How do Visitors Affect Crime?
- 401 Downloads
This paper, which uses data on National Park visitors between 1979 and 1998 and every county in the United States, is the most exhaustive examination to date of how visitors affect crime. After controlling for many other factors that influence crime, the county-level regressions consistently indicate that national park visitors have no effect on either property or violent crime. These results are true for a variety of different measures of park visitors, for different empirical specifications, and for different regression formats. We therefore conclude that some visitor types have no impact on crime. This conclusion sheds light on the empirical issue of whether only some types of recreational visitors increase crime or whether visitors, regardless of their type, necessarily increase crime.
KeywordsVisitors Tourism Crime National park visitors Project cost-benefit
- Albanese JS (1985) The effect of casino gambling on crime. Fed Probat 48:39–44Google Scholar
- de Albuquerque K (1984) A comparative analysis of violent crime in the Caribbean. Soc Econ Stud 33(3):93–142Google Scholar
- Garcia R, Nicholls LL (1995) Crime in new tourism destinations: the mall of America. Vis Leis Bus 14(3):15–27Google Scholar
- Grinols EL, Mustard DB (2006) Casinos, crime, and community costs. Rev Econ Stat 88(1):28–45Google Scholar
- Jarrell S, Howsen RM (1990) Transient crowding and crime: the more ’Strangers’ in an area, the more crime except for murder, assault and rape. Am J Econ Sociol 49(48):3–493Google Scholar
- Jud GD (1975) Tourism and crime in Mexico. Soc Sci Q 56(2):324–330Google Scholar
- Mathematica (1970) The visitor industry and Hawaii’s economy: a cost-benefit analysis. Department of Planning and Economic Development, Honolulu cited by Fujii and Mak, 1980Google Scholar