Advertisement

Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 281–332 | Cite as

Priority Information Used for the Processing of Japanese Sentences: Thematic Roles, Case Particles or Grammatical Functions?

  • Katsuo Tamaoka
  • Hiromu Sakai
  • Jun-ichiro Kawahara
  • Yayoi Miyaoka
  • Hyunjung Lim
  • Masatoshi Koizumi
Article

Abstract

The present study investigated scrambling effects on the processing of Japanese sentences and priority information used among thematic roles, case particles and grammatical functions. Reaction times for correct sentence decisions were significantly prolonged for scrambled active sentences with transitive verbs in the first experiment and with ditransitive verbs in the second experiment. Errors were made with scrambled sentences more than canonical sentences in both experiments, which suggested that scrambling effects were apparent in active sentences. Passive sentences in the third experiment indicated that canonical order defined based on case particles, not thematic roles, was more quickly and accurately identified than scrambled order. Potential sentences in the fourth experiment and causative sentences in the fifth experiment indicated that the processing of scrambled sentences based on grammatical functions, but not on case particles, required longer reaction times and resulted in higher error rates than canonical sentences. Consequently, scrambling effects in the present study indicated that neither thematic roles nor case particles can provide fully-satisfactory information for canonical phrase order, and that only grammatical functions offer satisfactory information in all types of sentences.

Keywords

Japanese sentence processing priority information thematic roles case particles grammatical functions 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amano, N., Kondo, K. 2000Nihongo-no goi tokusei [Lexical Properties of Japanese]SanseidoTokyoGoogle Scholar
  2. Aoshima, S., Phillips, C., & Weinberg, A. (2002). Active filler effects and reanalysis: A study of Japanese Wh-scrambling constructions. University of Maryland Working Papers in Linguistics, 12, 1–24.Google Scholar
  3. Chomsky, N. 1981Lectures on Government and BindingForis PublicationsDordrecht, the NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  4. Chujo, K. 1983Nihongo tanbun-no rikai katei—Bunrikai sutoratejii no sougo kankei [The interrelationships among strategies for sentence comprehension]Japanese Journal of Psychology54250256Google Scholar
  5. Farmar, A. 1984Modularity in Syntax: A Study of Japanese and EnglishMIT PressCambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  6. Frazier, L., Clifton, C.,Jr. 1989Successive cyclicity in the grammar and the parserLanguage and Cognitive Processes493126Google Scholar
  7. Frazier, L., Flores, d’Arcais 1989Filler-driven parsing: A study of gap filling in DutchJournal of Memory and Language28331344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fukui, N. 1989Nichi/ei-go hikaku toogo-ron [Contrastive syntax of Japanese and English]Inoue, K. eds. Nihon bunpoo shoo-jiten [The small dictionary of Japanese grammar]Taishukan ShotenTokyo89108Google Scholar
  9. Fukui, N. 1988Deriving the differences between English and Japanese: A case study in parametric syntaxEnglish Linguistics5249270Google Scholar
  10. Fukui, N. 1995The Theory of Projection in SyntaxKuroshio ShuppanTokyoGoogle Scholar
  11. Hale, K. 1980Remarks on Japanese Phrase Structure: Comments on the papers on Japanese SyntaxMIT Working Papers in Linguistics2185203Google Scholar
  12. Hale, K. 1981On the Position of Warlpiri in a Typology of the BaseIULCBloomington, INGoogle Scholar
  13. Harada, S.-I. 1977Nihongo-ni ‘Henkei’-wa HitsuyoodaGengo [Lanugage]108895Google Scholar
  14. Hasegawa, N. 1999Seisei nihongogaku nyuumon [An Introduction to Generative Grammar of the Japanese Language]Taishukan ShotenTokyoGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoji, H 1985Logical Form Constraints and Configurational Structure in JapaneseUniversity of WashingtonSeattlePh.D. dissertationGoogle Scholar
  16. Inoue, K., Harada, K., Abe, Y. 1999Seisei gengogaku nyuumon [An Introduction to Generative Linguistics]Taishukan ShotenTokyoGoogle Scholar
  17. Mahajan, A. 1990The A/A-Bar Distinction and Movement TheoryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeGoogle Scholar
  18. Mazuka, R., Itoh, K., Kondo, T. 2002Costs of scrambling in Japanese sentence processingNakayama, M. eds. Sentence Processing in East Asian LanguagesCSLI PublicationsStanford, CA131166Google Scholar
  19. Miyagawa, S. 1989Structure and Case Marking in Japanese—Syntax and SemanticsAcademic PressSan Diego, CAVol. 22Google Scholar
  20. Miyamoto, E.T., Takahashi, S. 2004Filler-gap dependencies in the processing of scrambling in JapaneseLanguage and Linguistics5153166Google Scholar
  21. Miyamoto, E. T. 2004Processing alternative word orders in JapaneseNakayama, M.Mazuka, R.Shirai, Y.Li, P. eds. Handbook of East Asian Psycholinguistics: JapaneseCambridge University PressCambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  22. Müller, G., Wolfgang, S. 1994Scrambling as A-bar movementCorver, N.Riemsdijk, H. eds. Studies on ScramblingMouton de GruyterBerlin331385Google Scholar
  23. Nakayama, M. 1995Scrambling and probe recognitionMazuka, R.Nagai, N. eds. Japanese Sentence ProcessingErlbaumHillsdale NJ257273Google Scholar
  24. Nakayama, M. 1999Sentence processingTsujimura, M. eds. The Handbook of Japanese LinguisticsBlackwell PublishersMalden, Massachusetts398424Google Scholar
  25. Nemoto, N. 1999ScramblingTsujimura, M. eds. The Handbook of Japanese LinguisticsBlackwell PublishersMalden Massachusetts121153Google Scholar
  26. Ross, J.-R. 1967Constraints on Variables in SyntaxMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgePh.D. dissertationGoogle Scholar
  27. Saito, M. 1985Some Asymmetries in Japanese and Their Theoretical ImplicationsMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgePh.D. dissertationGoogle Scholar
  28. Saito, M., Hoji, H. 1983Weak cross-over and move α in JapaneseNatural Language and Linguistic Theory1245259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sakamoto, T. 2001Bun-no rikai—kakimaze bun [Understanding of Sentences—Scrambling]Gengo [Language]30106111Google Scholar
  30. Sakamoto, T. 2002Processing filler-gap constructions in JapaneseNakayama, M. eds. Sentence Processing in East Asian LanguagesCSLI PublicationsStanford, CA189221Google Scholar
  31. Shibatani, M. 1978Nihongo no bunseki [Analysis of the Japanese Language]Taishukan ShotenTokyoGoogle Scholar
  32. Tamaoka, K., Sakai, H., Kawahara, J., Miyaoka, Y. 2003The effects of phrase-length order and scrambling in the processing of visually-presented Japanese sentencesJournal of Psycholinguistic Research32431454CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Tonoike, S. 1997On scrambling—Scrambling as a base-generated scopal constructionTonoike, S. eds. ScramblingKurosiho ShuppanTokyo125159Google Scholar
  34. Webelhuth, G. 1989Syntactic Saturation Phenomena and the Modern Germanic LanguagesUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstPh.D. dissertationGoogle Scholar
  35. Ura, H. 1999Checking theory and dative subject constructions in Japanese and KoreanJournal of East Asian Linguistics8223254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yamashita, H. 1997The effects of word-order and case marking information on the processing of JapaneseJournal of Psycholinguistic Research26163188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsuo Tamaoka
    • 1
    • 6
  • Hiromu Sakai
    • 2
  • Jun-ichiro Kawahara
    • 2
  • Yayoi Miyaoka
    • 3
  • Hyunjung Lim
    • 4
  • Masatoshi Koizumi
    • 5
  1. 1.International Student CenterHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EducationHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Hiroshima University of EconomicsHiroshimaJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School for International Development and CooperationHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Arts and LettersTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  6. 6.International Student CenterHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations