Facile synthesis of hetaryl-modified MCM-41 and targeted removal of Pb(II) ions for water purification

Abstract

A novel pyrazole grafted MCM-41 hybrid has been synthesized by post-grafting method for targeted water purification. MCM-41 was first functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) followed by immobilization of acyl functionalized pyrazole derivative through Schiff’s base formation. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and elemental analysis confirmed the covalent attachment of organic moiety to the silica surface, whilst scanning electron microscope (SEM) and N2 adsorption–desorption analysis confirmed the structural integrity and the preservation of mesoporous structure of MCM-41 during surface modification. The novel material showed excellent results for the removal of Pb(II) metal ions with highest adsorption capacity (qe) of 2416 mg g−1. With this adsorption capacity, the prepared hybrid efficiently removed 96.6% of Pb(II) metal ions from aqueous solution using minimum adsorbent concentration (1 mg) ever reported. The adsorbent was reused for five cycles with minimum 94.85% removal efficiency after simple treatment with 6 N HCl. This reusable adsorbent may further be applied for heavy metal removal from industrial effluent.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan for providing the Indigenous scholarship (112-22679-2PS1-329) to conduct part of this research.

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Suhail, F., Batool, M., Din, M.I. et al. Facile synthesis of hetaryl-modified MCM-41 and targeted removal of Pb(II) ions for water purification. J Porous Mater (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-020-00919-8

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Keywords

  • Mesoporous silica
  • Pyrazole
  • Functionalized MCM-41
  • Adsorption capacity
  • Pb(II)