Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 437–445 | Cite as

Highly crystalline LSX zeolite derived from biosilica for copper adsorption: the green synthesis for environmental treatment

  • Supak Tontisirin


Template-free Low Silica X (LSX) zeolite is known as environmentally-friendly zeolite in the application of wastewater treatment. It is one of the most open structures of 12-membered ring pores and contains a high number of cationic exchanged sites. The synthesis of LSX using agricultural byproducts even leads to a green and sustainable approach. This work suggests the optimized preparation method of LSX using the silica source solely from rice husk. Highly crystalline LSX zeolite (nSi/nAl = 1.03) is obtained in pure phase with high specific surface area of 798 m2 g−1 and total pore volume of 0.29 cm3 g−1. The green and cost-effective as-synthesized LSX shows a good potential adsorbent for heavy metal of copper(II) ions adsorption in aqueous solution with outstanding uptake capacity of 2.82 mmol g−1 or 179 mg g−1.


Low Silica X Zeolite Template-free synthesis Biosilica Rice husk Copper adsorption Sustainable 



The authors would like to gratefully thank to U-thong Biomass Company for providing the rice husk for conducting this research and P. Naruemitpanichkul for the help of experimental work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringKing Mongkut’s University of Technology North BangkokBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Center of Eco-Materials and CleanerKing Mongkut’s University of Technology North BangkokBangkokThailand

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