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Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 489–495 | Cite as

A facile one-pot hydrothermal process to synthesize sulfonated mesoporous ZrO2

  • Yani Pan
  • Jingji Zhang
  • Yu Xu
  • Yafeng Gao
  • Zhi Chen
  • Jiangying Wang
Article

Abstract

Sulfonated mesoporous ZrO2 was prepared by a facile one-pot hydrothermal process, using a mixture of ZrOCl2·8H2O and sodium dodecyl sulfonate in a NaOH solution, and subsequent calcination of the inorganic/organic intermediate. The influence of NaOH concentration, hydrothermal and calcination temperature on the structural and textural properties of the final products was investigated. Increasing the NaOH concentration gave rise to the transformation from tetragonal to monoclinic and then to tetragonal phase, whereas the increase of hydrothermal temperature led to the tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation. As the NaOH concentration and hydrothermal temperature were increased, a narrow pore size distribution was turned into a multi-modal pore size distribution resulting from regular mesopores and interparticle voids. Accordingly, the incorporated sulfonate anions were oxidized into sulphate anions. After the calcination of 550 °C, the sulfonated products possessed tetragonal crystalline phase with average pore diameter of 4.2 nm and surface area of 108 m2g−1.

Keywords

Mesoporous materials Zirconia Hydrothermal process Sulfonation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was financially supported by the Science and Technology Program of Zhejiang Province (No. 2014C31012).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringChina Jiliang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Materials, Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHangzhou Normal UniversityHangzhouChina

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