Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 171–178 | Cite as

Size and morphological control of a metal–organic framework Cu-BTC by variation of solvent and modulator

  • E. S. Sanil
  • Kyung-Ho Cho
  • Su-Kyung Lee
  • U-Hwang Lee
  • Sam Gon Ryu
  • Hae Wan Lee
  • Jong-San Chang
  • Young Kyu Hwang


A metal–organic framework of copper 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate (Cu-BTC) has been synthesized using the microwave-assisted method, with different solvents. Synthesized compounds were washed repeatedly with a mixture of deionized water and ethanol to ensure the removal of impurities. Finally, purified samples were characterized using XRD and SEM to understand their morphological and structural features. The effect of solvent and modulator (dodecanoic acid) on the crystallinity and morphology of synthesized particles was investigated. The crystallinity depends on the dielectric constant and dielectric loss factor of the solvent used. The Cu-BTC crystals synthesized using ethylene glycol at low concentration [mole ratio of copper salt (1) to ethylene glycol (180)] were octahedral, but increasing the concentration [mole ratio of copper salt (1) to ethylene glycol (36)] changed the crystal morphology from octahedral to hexagonal. Interestingly, a dramatic change in the particle size and morphology was observed for Cu-BTC synthesized using ethylene glycol with coordination modulator.


MOF materials Cu-BTC Solvent effect Microwave synthesis 



This research was supported by the Agency for Defense Development of Korea (UE135152ID).

Supplementary material

10934_2014_9883_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (47 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 47 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Sanil
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kyung-Ho Cho
    • 1
  • Su-Kyung Lee
    • 1
  • U-Hwang Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sam Gon Ryu
    • 4
  • Hae Wan Lee
    • 4
  • Jong-San Chang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Young Kyu Hwang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Catalysis Center for Molecular Engineering (CCME)Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)Yusung, DaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Department of Green ChemistryUniversity of Science and Technology (UST)Yuseong, DaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Department of ChemistrySungkyunkwan UniversitySuwonKorea
  4. 4.Agency for Defense DevelopmentYuseong, DaejeonKorea

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