α-Amylase immobilization capacities of mesoporous silicas with different morphologies and surface properties
α-Amylase was encapsulated in several mesoporous materials (folded sheet mesoporous silica (FSM), cubic mesoporous silica (KIT-6), and two-dimensional hexagonal mesoporous silica (SBA-15)) that differed morphologically in terms of particle shape, pore size, and pore structure. The encapsulation capacity and thermal stability of encapsulated α-amylase were examined. The amount of α-amylase encapsulated increased with increasing pore size in the following order: SBA-15 < KIT-6 < FSM. Nitrogen adsorption experiments were performed before and after α-amylase encapsulation in mesoporous silicas with pore sizes larger than the size of α-amylase, confirming that α-amylase was encapsulated in the pores. Among mesoporous silicas with similar pore sizes, FSM was found to have the highest capacity for α-amylase encapsulation both per weight and per surface area of silica. Furthermore, α-amylase encapsulated in FSM demonstrated high thermal stability at 90 °C relative to the thermal stability of free α-amylase or free α-amylase encapsulated in other mesoporous silicas. Zeta potential measurements showed that the FSM surface had an isoelectric point that was lower than that of other mesoporous silicas, and hydrophilicity measurements showed that its surface was more hydrophilic. The surface properties of FSM contributed to the high thermal stability of the α-amylase encapsulated within the pores.
KeywordsMesoporous silica Protein encapsulation Immobilized enzyme α-amylase
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