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Non-Linear Mixed Effects Modeling – From Methodology and Software Development to Driving Implementation in Drug Development Science

  • Goonaseelan (Colin) Pillai
  • France Mentré
  • Jean-Louis Steimer
Article

Few scientific contributions have made significant impact unless there was a champion who had the vision to see the potential for its use in seemingly disparate areas—and who then drove active implementation. In this paper, we present a historical summary of the development of non-linear mixed effects (NLME) modeling up to the more recent extensions of this statistical methodology. The paper places strong emphasis on the pivotal role played by Lewis B. Sheiner (1940–2004), who used this statistical methodology to elucidate solutions to real problems identified in clinical practice and in medical research and on how he drove implementation of the proposed solutions. A succinct overview of the evolution of the NLME modeling methodology is presented as well as ideas on how its expansion helped to provide guidance for a more scientific view of (model-based) drug development that reduces empiricism in favor of critical quantitative thinking and decision making

Keywords

algorithms NONMEM pharmacokinetics pharmacodynamics PK PKPD NLME model-based 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Goonaseelan (Colin) Pillai
    • 1
  • France Mentré
    • 2
  • Jean-Louis Steimer
    • 1
  1. 1.Modeling and SimulationNovartis Pharma AGBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.INSERM U738, Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Clinical ResearchBichat University HospitalParisFrance

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