End of life single-use items such as carrier bags constitute a large proportion of the litter found in marine and terrestrial environments. The main objective of the current work was to investigate the response of an oxo-biodegradable commercial plastic film product to photo-degradation using accelerated weathering, verifying the claim of its biodegradability and suitability as an eco-friendly product. This study is also geared towards the appropriateness of such products to reduce plastic waste accumulation in urban environments. The film samples were exposed to weathering as a means to determine the impact of UV induced oxo-biodegradation. Haze (%), light transmission (%) and the total change in colour (ΔE) were measured as indicators to the degradation profile of the polymeric materials, in addition to tensile pull mechanical properties and thermal stability. The melting peak indicates the melting point (Tm) of the polymer and with exposure to weathering it showed a slight decrease from 105 to 102 °C indicating that biodegradation mechanisms were triggered to a certain extent. The reduction in strain at rupture was also indicative for a loss in crystalline structure, coupled with Young’s modulus increase throughout the weathering exposure tests. Therefore, the material studied could be a candidate to mitigate the accumulation of plastic waste in open environments based on the results of this study whilst regulating controlled substances.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Plastics Europe (2018) Plastics-the facts 2017. Plastics Europe, Brussels
UNEP (2018) Single-use plastics: a roadmap for sustainability. UN Environment Programme, Nairobi
Napper I, Thompson R (2019) Environ Sci Tech 53:4783
Dumas D (2007) Ecologist 37:37
Clapp J, Swanston L (2009) Environ Politic 18:315
Brems A, Baeyens J, Dewil R (2012) Therm Sci 16:669
Siotto M, Sezenna E, Saponaro S, Innocenti F, Tosin M, Bonomo L, Mezzanotte V (2012) J Environ Mange 93:31
Oxo-biodegradable plastics association (2008). Available at: www.biodeg.org/Types%2520of%2520Degradable%2520Plastic%2520(2).pdf
Al-Salem S, Al-Hazza'a A, Karam H, Al-Wadi M, Al-Dhafeeri A, Al-Rowaih A (2019) J Environ Manag 250:109475
Chinaglia S, Tosin M, Degli-Innocenti F (2018) Polym Degrad Stab 147:237
Anstey A, Muniyasamy S, Reddy M, Misra M, Mohanty A (2014) J Polym Environ 22:209
Burgos N, Valdés A, Jiménez A (2016) J Renew Mater 4:165
Harrison J, Boardman C, O'Callaghan K, Delort A, Song J (2018) Royal Soc Open Sci 5:171792
Nazareth M, Marques RC, Leite MCA, Castro IB (2019) J Hazard Mater 366:714
Al-Salem SM (2009) Mater Des 30:1729
Al-Salem SM (2018) WIT Trans Ecol Environ 231:415
Al-Salem SM, Abraham G, Al-Qabandi OA, Dashti AM (2015) Polym Test 46:116
Vyazovkin S, Burnham AK, Criado JM, Pérez-Maqueda LA, Popescu C, Sbirrazzuoli N (2011) Thermochim Acta 520:1
Vyazovkin S, Chrissafis K, Di Lorenzo ML, Koga N, Pijolat M, Roduit B, Sbirrazzuoli N, Suñol JJ (2014) Thermochim Acta 590:1
Ojeda T, Freitas A, Birck K, Dalmolin E, Jacques R, Bento F, Camargo F (2011) Polym Degrad Stab 96:703
D’Amelia RP, Gentile S, Nirode WF, Huang L (2016) World J Chem Educ 4:25–31
Abed RMM, Al Khaburi TMM, Al-Senafi F, Munam A, Mahmoud H (2020) Mar Pollut Bull 150:110639
Nikolić MAL, Gauthier E, Colwell JM, Halley P, Bottle SE, Laycock B (2017) Rowan Truss. Polym Degrad Stab 145:102
Al-Salem SM, Al-Nasser AY, Behbehani MH, Sultan HH, Karam HJ, Al-Wadi MH, Al-Dhafeeri AT, Rasheed Z, Al-Foudaree M (2019) Int J Polym Sci 2019:15
Küpper L, Gulmine J, Janissek P, Heise H (2004) Vibration Spec 34:63
Davis G (2006) Mater Charac 57:314
Ojeda T, Dalmolin E, Forte M, Jacques R, Bento F, Camargo F (2009) Polym Degrad Stab 94:965
Ammala A, Bateman S, Dean K, Petinakis E, Sangwan P, Wong S, Yuan Q, Yu L, Patrick C, Leong K (2011) Prog Polym Sci 36:1015
European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC (1994) on packaging and packaging waste
Contat-Rodrigo L (2013) Polym Degrad Stab 98:2117
Guadagno L, Naddeo C, Vittoria V, Camino G, Cagnani C (2001) Polym Degrad Stab 72:175
Corti A, Muniyasamy S, Vitali M, Imam S, Chiellini E (2010) Polym Degrad Stab 95:1106
Mendes LC, Rufino ES, de Paula FOC, Torres AC (2003) Polym Degrad Stab 79:371
Al-Salem S, Sultan H, Karam H, Al-Dhafeeri A (2019) J Polym Res 26:157
Bonhomme S, Cuer A, Delort A, Lemaire J, Sancelme M, Scott G (2003) Polym Degrad Stab 81:441
Sudhakar M, Doble M, Murthy PS, Venkatesan R (2008) Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 61:203
Hopewell J, Dvorak R, Kosior E (2009) Philos Trans R Soc B 364:2115
Barnes DKA, Galgani F (2009) Philos Trans R Soc B 364:1985
Scott G (2000) Polym Degrad Stab 68:1
Webb H, Arnott J, Crawford R, Ivanova E (2012) Polymers 5:1
Singh B, Sharma N (2008) Polym Degrad Stab 93:561
Musioł M, Rydz J, Janeczek H, Radeck I, Jiang G, Kowalczuk M (2017) Waste Manag 64:20
Viera JSC, Marques MRC, Nazareth NC, Jimenez PC, Castro IB (2020) Enviorn Sci Policy 106:177
EC (2018) Report from the commission to the European parliament and the council on the impact of the use of oxo-degradable plastic, including oxo-degradable plastic carrier bags, on the environment. Brussels 16(1):2018
The authors are grateful to the support given to this research work by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) and Kuwait University (KUniv).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that the work presented in this study does not represent a conflict of interest in any shape or form.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Antelava, A., Constantinou, A., Bumajdad, A. et al. Identification of Commercial Oxo-Biodegradable Plastics: Study of UV Induced Degradation in an Effort to Combat Plastic Waste Accumulation. J Polym Environ (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-020-01776-x
- Plastic film