Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 3470–3483 | Cite as

Reactive Dye Adsorption from Aqueous Solution on HPEI-Modified Fe3O4 Nanoparticle as a Superadsorbent: Characterization, Modeling, and Optimization

  • Arash Dalvand
  • Mehdi Khoobi
  • Ramin Nabizadeh
  • Mohammad Reza Ganjali
  • Elham Gholibegloo
  • Amir Hossein Mahvi
Original Paper


In this work, the optimum condition for the adsorption of Reactive Blue 19 dye onto Fe3O4 functionalized with hyperbranched polyethylenimine (Fe@HPEI) was determined using response surface methodology. The properties of synthesized magnetic Fe@HPEI nanoparticles were ascertained using FTIR, SEM, TEM, VSM and zeta potential measurement. The experimental adsorption data indicating the positive effect of adsorbent dose and contact time, and the negative effect of pH, initial dye concentration and ionic strength on dye adsorption. At optimal condition; pH 3.4, contact time 25 min, adsorbent dose 0.4 g/L and initial dye concentration 113 mg/L, Fe@HPEI nanoparticles removed dye up to 99.27%. The maximum experimental dye adsorption was near to the predicted value of 100%, which confirmed the reliability of the selected statistical model. The dye adsorption data were fitted well to Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic, and the maximum adsorption capacity was 500 mg/g. Totally, Fe@HPEI as an effective superadsorbent can be repeatedly utilized for the adsorption of dye from the aqueous environment.


Dye adsorption Fe@HPEI Central composite design Modeling Optimization 



The authors are grateful to Center for Water Quality Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences for financial support of this study (Grant Number: 94-01-46-28904). The first author would like to thank, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences for supporting current work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arash Dalvand
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mehdi Khoobi
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ramin Nabizadeh
    • 2
  • Mohammad Reza Ganjali
    • 5
    • 6
  • Elham Gholibegloo
    • 7
  • Amir Hossein Mahvi
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
  1. 1.Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthShahid Sadoughi University of Medical SciencesYazdIran
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Medical Biomaterials Research CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  6. 6.Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  7. 7.Depatment of Organic ChemistryUniversity of ZanjanZanjanIran
  8. 8.Center for Water Quality Research, Institute for Environmental ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  9. 9.Center for Solid Waste Research, Institute for Environmental ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  10. 10.National Institute of Health ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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