Dual Function of Cellulose Triacetate–Graft–Polymethacrylic Acid Films for Dyes Removal and for High-Dose Radiation Dosimetry
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Graft copolymerization of methacrylic acid (MAc) onto cellulose triacetate (CTA) films was conducted by gamma rays. The grafting conditions were optimized. The structure of grafted CTA films was characterized by Fourier transform infra red–attenuated total reflection, scanning electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, CHNS/O microanalyzer and, surface area and porosity analyzer. The grafted CTA films were exploited in adsorption of ethyl violet (EV) and phenol red (PR) dyes. The adsorption capacity of the grafted CTA films was investigated at various variables. The adsorption isotherms and kinetic study were examined. Further, the dyed grafted CTA films were used in measurements of high dose radiation. The results indicate that the useful dose range extents up to 440 and 300 kGy for EV and PR, respectively. The effects of relative humidity during irradiation, shelf-life, pre- and post-irradiation storage in dark and indirect daylight conditions on dosimeters performance were investigated.
KeywordsGraft copolymerization Cellulose triacetate Methacrylic acid Adsorption Dosimetry
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