Stiff Biodegradable Polylactide Composites with Ultrafine Cellulose Filler
Polylactide (PLA) composites with 10–30 wt% of commercial fine grain filler of native cellulose were prepared by melt-mixing, and examined. The composite films had esthetic appearance, glossy surface, creamy color and density close to that of neat PLA. Good dispersion of the filler in PLA matrix was achieved. The composites were stiffer than neat PLA; in the glassy region the storage modulus increased by approx. 30 %. The tensile strength of the composite materials in the temperature range from 25 to 45 °C was similar to that of neat PLA. No marked decrease in molar mass of PLA in the composites occurred during processing in comparison to neat PLA. Moreover, thermogravimetry experiments demonstrated good thermal stability of the composites; 5 % weight loss occurred well above 300 °C.
KeywordsPolylactide Native cellulose Composites Mechanical properties Thermal properties
This research project has been supported by the European Union European Regional Development Fund, Contract No. POIG.01.01.02-10-123/09. J.Rettenmaier&Söhne is gratefully acknowledged for providing Arbocel UFC100.
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