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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 74–80 | Cite as

Stiff Biodegradable Polylactide Composites with Ultrafine Cellulose Filler

  • Michal Cichorek
  • Ewa Piorkowska
  • Nelli Krasnikova
Original Paper

Abstract

Polylactide (PLA) composites with 10–30 wt% of commercial fine grain filler of native cellulose were prepared by melt-mixing, and examined. The composite films had esthetic appearance, glossy surface, creamy color and density close to that of neat PLA. Good dispersion of the filler in PLA matrix was achieved. The composites were stiffer than neat PLA; in the glassy region the storage modulus increased by approx. 30 %. The tensile strength of the composite materials in the temperature range from 25 to 45 °C was similar to that of neat PLA. No marked decrease in molar mass of PLA in the composites occurred during processing in comparison to neat PLA. Moreover, thermogravimetry experiments demonstrated good thermal stability of the composites; 5 % weight loss occurred well above 300 °C.

Keywords

Polylactide Native cellulose Composites Mechanical properties Thermal properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research project has been supported by the European Union European Regional Development Fund, Contract No. POIG.01.01.02-10-123/09. J.Rettenmaier&Söhne is gratefully acknowledged for providing Arbocel UFC100.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Cichorek
    • 1
  • Ewa Piorkowska
    • 1
  • Nelli Krasnikova
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre of Molecular and Macromolecular StudiesPolish Academy of SciencesLodzPoland
  2. 2.Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical SynthesisRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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