Increased 3HV Concentration in the Bacterial Production of 3-Hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-Hydroxyvalerate (3HV) Copolymer with Acid-Digested Rice Straw Waste
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Bacterial synthesis of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) copolymer [P(3HB-co-3HV)] using the hydrolysate of rice straw waste as a carbon source was affected by the composition of the hydrolysate, which depends highly on the rice straw pretreatment condition. Acid digestion with 2 % sulfuric acid generated larger production of P(3HB-co-3HV) than 6 % sulfuric acid, but 3HV concentration in the copolymer produced with 2 % acid hydrolysate was only 8.8 % compared to 18.1 % with 6 % acid hydrolysate. To obtain a higher 3HV mole fraction for enhanced flexibility of the copolymer, an additional heating was conducted with the 2 % acid hydrolysate after removal of residual rice straw. As the additional heating time increased a higher concentration of levulinic acid was generated, and consequently, the mole fraction of 3HV in P(3HB-co-3HV) increased. Among the conditions tested (i.e., 20-, 40-, 60-min), 60-min additional heating following 2 % sulfuric acid digestion achieved the highest 3HV mole fraction of 22.9 %. However, a longer heating time decreased the P(3HB-co-3HV) productivity, probably due to the increased intermediates concentrations acting as inhibitors in the hydrolysates. Therefore, the use of additional heating needs to consider both the increase in the 3HV mole fraction and the decrease in the P(3HB-co-3HV) productivity.
KeywordsRice straw hydrolysate Polyhydroxyalkanoates Levulinic acid P(3HB-co-3HV) Cupriavidus necator
This work is financially supported by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as Waste to energy-recycling Human resource development Project. The authors also wish to thank Integrated Research Institute of Construction and Environmental Engineering at Seoul National University for technical assistance.