Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 106–109 | Cite as

Hybrid Composites Made from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches/Jute Fibres: Water Absorption, Thickness Swelling and Density Behaviours

  • M. Jawaid
  • H. P. S. Abdul Khalil
  • P. Noorunnisa Khanam
  • A. Abu Bakar
Brief Communication


In this research, hybrid composite materials were prepared from combination of oil palm Empty fruit bunches (EFB) fibre and jute fibre as reinforcement, epoxy as polymer matrix. This study intended to investigate the effect of jute fiber hybridization and different layering pattern on the physical properties of oil palm EFB-Epoxy composites. Water absorption and thickness swelling test reveal that hybrid composite shows a moderate water absorption which is 11.20% for hybrid EFB/Jute/EFB composite and 6.08% for hybrid Jute/EFB/Jute composite. The thickness swelling and water absorption of the hybrid composites slightly increased as the layering pattern of hybrid composites changed. Hybrid composites are more water resistance and dimensional stable compare to the pure EFB composites. This is attributed to the more hydrophilic nature of EFB composites. Hybridization of oil palm EFB composites with jute fibres can improve the dimensional stability and density of pure EFB and Jute fibre reinforced composites has higher density of 1.2 g/cm3 compared to all other composites.


Composite materials Polymers Hybrid Water absorption Thickness swelling 



The researchers would like to thank the Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang for providing the USM fellowship and research grant (1001/PTEKIND/841020) that has made this work possible.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Jawaid
    • 1
  • H. P. S. Abdul Khalil
    • 1
  • P. Noorunnisa Khanam
    • 1
  • A. Abu Bakar
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Industrial TechnologyUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Material and Mineral Resource EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong Tebal, PenangMalaysia

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