Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 104–115 | Cite as

Development of Thixotropic Coatings Using Dimerized Soybean Oil Fatty Acids: The Case of Polyamide of 1,2-Phenylene Diamine

  • Ikechukwu D. Anyaogu
  • Paul M. Ejikeme
  • John A. Ibemesi
Original Paper


Soybean oil (SBO) was dimerized and the crude dimer acid product reacted with 1,2-phenylene diamine at 210 ± 5 °C under inert atmosphere to obtain fatty polyamide (FPA). The FPA was used to modify a commercial alkyd resin by reacting a mixture of the alkyd resin with 5 wt% of FPA at 120 °C for 80 min under inert atmosphere. The FTIR spectrum of the FPA modified resin showed evidence of higher degree of H-bonding than was found for the unmodified alkyd. White gloss coatings of 15, 20, 25, and 30% solids were formulated from the modified and unmodified resins and examined for performance with respect to: leveling, sag resistance, drying time, pigment settling, skinning tendency and film hardness. Results showed that the unmodified alkyd coatings exhibited good leveling but poor sag resistance at all solid contents. In contrast, FPA modified alkyd coatings combined good leveling with high sag resistance indicating their thixotropic nature. A strong tendency to pigment settling was observed for unmodified alkyd coatings but was not observed in the FPA modified alkyd coatings. The modified alkyd coatings showed skinning while the unmodified alkyd coatings did not skin. A 30% solids coating formulation of the FPA modified resin showed shorter surface dry time but longer hard dry time than the unmodified alkyd resin coating.


Alkyd resin Dimer acids Fatty polyamide Soybean oil Thixotropy Thixotropic coating 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ikechukwu D. Anyaogu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul M. Ejikeme
    • 1
  • John A. Ibemesi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pure and Industrial ChemistryUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Science Laboratory TechnologyFederal Polytechnic NasarawaNasarawaNigeria

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