Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 252–262 | Cite as

Resonant Acoustic Nonlinearity of Defects for Highly-Efficient Nonlinear NDE



In this paper, the effect of local defect resonance (LDR) on the nonlinear ultrasonic responses of defects is studied and applied for enhancement of sensitivity of nonlinear NDE. Unlike the resonance of the whole specimen, the LDR provides an efficient energy pumping from the wave directly to the defect and causes an efficient generation of the higher harmonics and wave mixing even at moderate input signals. At higher levels of excitation, a combined effect of LDR and nonlinearity results in qualitatively new “nonclassical” features characteristic of the nonlinear and parametric resonances. The resonant nonlinear defects demonstrate threshold dynamics of instable vibrations, hysteresis, super- and subharmonic resonances. Under nonlinear LDR conditions nearly total input energy can be converted into higher harmonic or subharmonic vibrations of the defect. This proposes nonlinear LDR application as an extremely efficient and sensitive mode for nonlinear imaging and NDE.


Nonlinear local defect resonance  Parametric oscillations Subharmonic resonance 



The author acknowledges support of this study by EU FP-7 in the framework of ALAMSA project.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Non-Destructive Testing (IKT-ZfP), Institute of Polymer TechnologyUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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