A Systematic Literature Review of Technologies for Suicidal Behavior Prevention

  • Manuel A. Franco-Martín
  • Juan Luis Muñoz-Sánchez
  • Beatriz Sainz-de-Abajo
  • Gema Castillo-Sánchez
  • Sofiane Hamrioui
  • Isabel de la Torre-Díez
Education & Training
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Education & Training

Abstract

Suicide is the second cause of death in young people. The use of technologies as tools facilitates the detection of individuals at risk of suicide thus allowing early intervention and efficacy. Suicide can be prevented in many cases. Technology can help people at risk of suicide and their families. It could prevent situations of risk of suicide with the technological evolution that is increasing. This work is a systematic review of research papers published in the last ten years on technology for suicide prevention. In September 2017, the consultation was carried out in the scientific databases PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. A general search was conducted with the terms “prevention” AND “suicide” AND "technology. More specific searches included technologies such as "Web”, “mobile”, “social networks”, and others terms related to technologies. The number of articles found following the methodology proposed was 90, but only 30 are focused on the objective of this work. Most of them were Web technologies (51.61%), mobile solutions (22.58%), social networks (12.90%), machine learning (3.23%) and other technologies (9.68%). According to the results obtained, although there are technological solutions that help the prevention of suicide, much remains to be done in this field. Collaboration among technologists, psychiatrists, patients, and family members is key to advancing the development of new technology-based solutions that can help save lives.

Keywords

Suicide prevention Social networks mhealth Smartphone Web 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Service of Psiquiatry of the Provincial Hospital of Zamora, Spain, for the collaboration in this work.

This research has been partially supported by the European Commission and the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism under the project AAL-20125036 named “WetakeCare: ICT- based Solution for (Self-) Management of Daily Living”.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psiquiatry ServiceProvincial Hospital of ZamoraZamoraSpain
  2. 2.Department of Signal Theory and Communications, and Telematics EngineeringUniversity of ValladolidValladolidSpain
  3. 3.Bretagne Loire and Nantes UniversitiesUMR 6164, IETR Polytech NantesNantesFrance

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