The Undecakisicosahedral Group and a 3-regular Carbon Network of Genus 26
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Three projective special linear groups PSL(2,p), those with p = 5, 7 and 11, can be seen as p-multiples of tetrahedral, octahedral and icosahedral rotational point groups, respectively. The first two have already found applications in carbon chemistry and physics, as PSL(2,5) ≡ I is the rotation group of the fullerene C60 and dodecahedrane C20H20, and PSL(2,7) is the rotation group of the 56-vertex all-heptagon Klein map, an idealisation of the hypothetical genus-3 “plumber’s nightmare” allotrope of carbon. Here, we present an analysis of PSL(2,11) as the rotation group of a 220-vertex, all 11-gon, 3-regular map, which provides the basis for a more exotic hypothetical sp 2 framework of genus 26. The group structure and character table of PSL(2,11) are developed in chemical notation and a three dimensional (3D) geometrical realisation of the 220-vertex map is derived in terms of a punctured polyhedron model where each of 12 pentagons of the truncated icosahedron is connected by a tunnel to an interior void and the 20 hexagons are connected tetrahedrally in sets of 4.
KeywordsPSL(211) group theory undecakisicosahedral group topology carbon allotrope
AMS05C10 20B25 57M20
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