Advertisement

Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 192, Issue 1–2, pp 100–116 | Cite as

Comparison of the Microstructure and Flux Pinning Properties of Polycrystalline YBa2Cu3O7-d Containing Zn0.95Mn0.05O or Al2O3 Nanoparticles

  • R. A. Al-Mohsin
  • A. L. Al-Otaibi
  • M. A. Almessiere
  • H. Al-badairy
  • Y. Slimani
  • F. Ben Azzouz
Article

Abstract

Here we compare the microstructure and flux pinning properties of polycrystalline YBa2Cu3O7-d (Y-123 or YBCO) containing either Al2O3 or Zn0.95Mn0.05O nanoparticles. Samples were prepared using a standard solid-state reaction process, and nanoparticles were added up to a concentration of 0.1 wt%. The crystal structure, microstructure, electrical and magnetic properties were analyzed using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and electrical resistivity and DC magnetization measurements, respectively. TEM observations showed that the addition of Zn0.95Mn0.05O resulted in a high density of fine twins and a variety of interacting microstructures, while Al2O3 addition resulted in a high density of Al-rich nanoscale inhomogeneities embedded in the Y-123 matrix. Flux pinning forces were determined, and predominant pinning mechanisms in the prepared samples were proposed. We evaluated the superconducting properties of YBCO considering the effects of adding insulating or magnetic nanoparticles.

Keywords

Y-123 superconductor Nanoparticles Microstructure Magnetic field Flux pinning 

References

  1. 1.
    Y. Zhao, C.H. Chen, J. Wang, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18, S43 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.K. Ben Salem, A. Hamrita, E. Hannachi, Y. Slimani, M. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, Phys. C 498, 38 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Hamrita, Y. Slimani, M.K. Ben Salem, E. Hannachi, L. Bessais, F. Ben Azzouz, M. Ben Salem, Ceram. Int. 40, 1461 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Plain, T. Puig, F.K. Sandiumenge, X. Obradors, J. Rabier, Phys. Rev. B 65, 104526 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Slimani, E. Hannachi, M. Zouaoui, F. Ben Azzouz, M. Ben Salem, J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-017-4491-9 Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Slimani, E. Hannachi, M.K. Ben Salem, A. Hamrita, M. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 28, 3001 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Hannachi, Y. Slimani, M.K. Ben Salem, A. Hamrita, A.L. Al-Otaibi, M.A. Almessiere, M. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, Indian J. Phys. 90, 1009 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Hari Babu, K. Iida, Y. Shi, T.D. Withnell, D.A. Cardwell, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 19, S461 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.K. Pathakm, W.K. Yeoh, N.H. Babu, Y. Shi, K. Iida, M. Strasik, D.A. Cardwell, Phys. C 469, 1173 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.K. Ben Salem, M.A. Almessiere, A.L. Al-Otaibi, M. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, J. Alloys Compd. 657, 286 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.K. Ben Salem, E. Hannachi, Y. Slimani, A. Hamrita, M. Zouaoui, L. Bessais, M. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, Ceram. Int. 40, 4953 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Ben Azzouz, M. Zouaoui, A. Mellekh, M. Annabi, G. Van Tendeloo, M. Ben Salem, Phys. C 455, 19 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Zhao, C.H. Cheng, J.S. Wang, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18, S43 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.I. Abou-Aly, N.H. Mohammed, R. Awad, H.A. Motaweh, D. El-Said Bakeer, J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 25, 2281 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    I. Bouchoucha, F. Ben Azzouz, M. Annabi, M. Zouaoui, M. Ben Salem, Phys. C 470, 262 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Xu, M. Izumi, Y.F. Zhang, Y. Kimura, Phys. C 469, 1215 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Bououdina, K. Omri, M. El-Hilo, A. El Amiri, O.M. Lemine, A. Alyamani, E.K. Hlil, H. Lassri, L. El Mir, Phys. E 56, 107 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C.P. Bean, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 250 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Marsh, R.M. Fleming, M.L. Mandich, A.M. De Santolo, J. Kwo, M. Hong, L.J. Martinez-Miranda, Nature 334, 141 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Goto, K. Watanabe, E. Ban, Y. Matsui, T. Nagai, T. Yokosawa, Phys. C 415, 103 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    W.W. Schmahl, A. Putnis, E. Salje, P. Freeman, A. Graeme-Barber, R. Jones, K.K. Singh, J. Blunt, P.P. Edwards, J. Loram, K. Mirza, Phil. Mag. Lett. 60, 241 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. Mei, V.S. Boyko, S.W. Chan, Phys. C 439, 78 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H.L. Li, J.F. Qu, X.G. Li, Y. Feng, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18, 1317 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K.N.R. Taylor, A. Nourizi-Khorasani, M. Indro, G.J. Russell, M.I. Darby, Y. Freng, I.P. Jones, R.E.J. Smallman, Cryst. Growth 119, 221 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Slimani, E. Hannachi, M.K. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, M. Ben Salem, Appl. Phys. A 124, 91 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. Hannachi, A. Hamrita, Y. Slimani, M.K. Ben Salem, M. Zouaoui, M. Ben Salem, F. Ben Azzouz, J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 28, 493 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. Higuchi, S.I. Yoo, M. Murakami, Phys. Rev. B 59, 1514 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Eisterer, Phys. Rev. B 77, 144524 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, College of SciencesImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Advanced Analysis Unit, Research and Development CenterSaudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations