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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 172, Issue 5–6, pp 317–363 | Cite as

Overview on Solid 4He and the Issue of Supersolidity

  • M. H. W. Chan
  • R. B. Hallock
  • L. Reatto
Article

Abstract

Here we provide an overview of the status of the field of solid 4He with a focus on the recent theoretical and experimental activities stimulated by the 2004 experiments of Kim and Chan. The overview attempts to place the experimental and theoretical work in context, to respect the historical flow of the field and discuss our present understanding of the question of supersolidity in 4He. The possibility of supersolidity in cold atoms and in other systems is also addressed. Special issues of the Journal of Low Temperature Physics (168(3/4), 2012; 169(3/4), 2012), in addition to this issue, have been devoted to this subject and this overview is meant to accompany those issues of the journal.

Keywords

Solid 4He Supersolidity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We have each benefitted from numerous conversations with our many colleagues as our subfield has unfolded and we appreciate and value those comments. We also wish to take this opportunity to acknowledge the friendship and support of our colleagues, students and post-docs at our respective institutions and also collaborators in other institutions. We appreciate the suggestion from Milton Cole that we serve as guest editors of the JLTP for the issues devoted to solid helium and to the advice and patience of Horst Meyer as this delayed overview came to fruition. We thank John Beamish for providing Fig. 2 and we acknowledge with appreciation the assistance of Dukyoung Kim with figures and references. Our work has been supported by NSF DMR 1103159 (at Penn State) and NSF DMR 1205217 (at UMass).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of PhysicsPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Laboratory for Low Temperature Physics, Dept. of PhysicsUniv. of Mass. AmherstAmherstUSA
  3. 3.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversita’ degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly

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