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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 171, Issue 5–6, pp 750–756 | Cite as

Thermometry in Normal Liquid 3He Using a Quartz Tuning Fork Viscometer

  • D. I. Bradley
  • M. Človečko
  • S. N. Fisher
  • D. Garg
  • A. M. Guénault
  • E. Guise
  • R. P. Haley
  • G. R. Pickett
  • M. Poole
  • V. Tsepelin
Article

Abstract

We have developed the use of quartz tuning forks for thermometry in normal liquid 3He. We have used a standard 32 kHz tuning fork to measure the viscosity of liquid 3He over a wide temperature range, 6 mK<T<1.8 K, at SVP. For thermometry above 40 mK we used a calibrated ruthenium oxide resistor. At lower temperatures we used vibrating wire thermometry. Our data compare well with previous viscosity measurements, and we give a simple empirical formula which fits the viscosity data over the full temperature range. We discuss how tuning forks can be used as convenient thermometers in this range of temperatures with just a single parameter needed for calibration.

Keywords

Tuning fork Liquid 3He Thermometry Viscosity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank S.M. Holt, A. Stokes and M.G. Ward for their excellent technical support, and P.V.E. McClintock for useful discussions. This research is supported by the UK EPSRC and by the European FP7 Programme MICROKELVIN Project, no. 228464.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. I. Bradley
    • 1
  • M. Človečko
    • 1
  • S. N. Fisher
    • 1
  • D. Garg
    • 1
  • A. M. Guénault
    • 1
  • E. Guise
    • 1
  • R. P. Haley
    • 1
  • G. R. Pickett
    • 1
  • M. Poole
    • 1
  • V. Tsepelin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsLancaster UniversityLancasterUK

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