Development of Micro-SQUID Magnetometers for Investigation of Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization in Nanometer-Size Magnetic Materials
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We report development of micro superconducting quantum interference device (μ-SQUID) magnetometers for investigation of quantum tunneling of magnetization in μm- and nm-size magnetic materials. Both high- and low-temperature superconductor (HTS and LTS) based μ-SQUID magnetometers were fabricated and a three dimensional magnetic coil system was constructed for this purpose. The HTS-μ-SQUIDs with a hole of 4×9 μm2 work at temperatures between 4.2 and 70 K and in magnetic fields up to 120 mT. A magnetization measurement of a ferrimagnetic micro-crystal was carried out at 35 K with an accuracy of 10−9 emu. The development of LTS-μ-SQUIDs has been started in order to study much smaller magnetic materials in a mK temperature range. We present a preliminary result on the LTS-μ-SQUID with a hole of 1×1 μm2. The critical current as a function of applied magnetic field shows the SQUID modulation at 4.2 K and up to 30 mT. The heat release associated with the present measurement method is estimated to be on the order of several microwatts.