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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 157, Issue 3–4, pp 324–351 | Cite as

Fluid States of Helium Adsorbed in Nanopores

  • Nobuo Wada
  • Taku Matsushita
  • Mitsunori Hieda
  • Ryo Toda
Open Access
Article

Abstract

We have studied helium adsorbed in new nanopores which have regular structures from nano-cage to three-dimensionally (3D) connected pores. Adsorption potential and layer formation of the adsorbed helium are observed by the vapor pressure for the adsorption. New paradigms of zero-D and 1D helium fluids are realized in nano-cages and nano-channels, respectively. The superfluid onsets (transitions) in the 1D and 3D nanopores show obvious dependence on the pore connections. The superfluid in the 3D pores has properties similar to the Bose-Einstein condensation of the 3D Bose atomic gas. The films of the 3He gas formed in the 4He preplated nanopores show the dimensional crossover depending on the pore connection: from the 2D Boltzmann gas to a 1D or 3D gas state with decreasing temperature. This gas changes to the degenerate state in each dimension at the lower temperatures. Extremely high frequency measurements of the helium adatoms on flat substrate determined the superfluid vortex parameters of the 4He films, and revealed a slippage (decoupling) of the helium adatoms in the non-superfluid state.

Keywords

Helium Superfluidity Fermi fluids Low-dimensional quantum systems Nanopores 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuo Wada
    • 1
  • Taku Matsushita
    • 1
  • Mitsunori Hieda
    • 1
  • Ryo Toda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Graduate School of ScienceNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for Low Temperature and Materials SciencesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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