Type-IV Superconductivity: Can Superconductivity be more Exotic than Unconventional?
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Abrikosov vortex phase in s-wave layered superconductor in a parallel magnetic field is shown to be absolutely unstable with respect to the appearance of a triplet component which breaks inversion (parity) and spin-rotational symmetries of Cooper pairs. Symmetry breaking paramagnetic effects are demonstrated to be of the order of unity if the orbital upper critical field, Hc2 (0), is of the order of Clogston paramagnetic limiting field, Hp. We suggest a generic phase diagram of such type-IV superconductor, which is singlet one at H=0 and in the Meissner phase and characterized by mixed singlet–triplet order parameter with broken symmetries of Copper pairs in vortex phase. A possibility to observe type-IV superconductivity in clean organic, high-Tc, and MgB2 superconductors is discussed.
KeywordsCooper Pair Break Symmetry Superconducting Order Parameter Vortex Phase Triplet Component
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