Advertisement

Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 138, Issue 3–4, pp 811–816 | Cite as

Measurements on the Surface Tension of 3He Crystals near 100 mK

  • Igor A. Todoshchenko
  • Harry Alles
  • Heikki J. Junes
  • Alexander Ya. Parshin
  • Viktor Tsepelin
Original Article

No Heading

3He crystals start to show facets on their surface only at about 100 mK, well below the roughening transition temperature, and the reason for this change of the surface state is not clear yet. However, the most important characteristics of the crystal surface, the surface tension, was not measured in this temperature range before. We report our observations on the equilibrium shape of the 3He crystals in the temperature range of 77...100 mK. The surfaces tension was found to be isotropic and temperature—independent, and the corresponding value of the capillary length, λ = 0.93 ± 0.10 mm, is in a good agreement with the value measured at higher temperatures by Rolley et al.2

Keywords

Surface Tension Transition Temperature Magnetic Material Surface State Crystal Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    1. D. S. Fisher and J. D. Weeks, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1077 (1983).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    2. E. Rolley et al., Europhys. Lett. 8, 523 (1989).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    3. S. V. Lordanskii and S. E. Korshunov, JETP 60, 528 (1984).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    4. P. Nozières and F. Gallet, J. Phys. (Paris) 48, 353 (1987).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    5. I.A. Todoshchenko et al., Physica B 329–333, 386 (2003).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    6. J. S. Langer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 52, 1 (1980).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    7. V. Tsepelin et al., J. Low Temp. Phys. 129, 489 (2002).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    8. F. Graner, S. Balibar and E. Rolley, J. Low Temp. Phys. 75, 69 (1989).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    9. L. D. Landau, Collected papers, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor A. Todoshchenko
    • 1
  • Harry Alles
    • 1
  • Heikki J. Junes
    • 1
  • Alexander Ya. Parshin
    • 2
  • Viktor Tsepelin
    • 3
  1. 1.Low Temperature LaboratoryHelsinki University of TechnologyHUTFinland
  2. 2.P.L. Kapitza InstituteMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsStanford UniversityStandfordUSA

Personalised recommendations