Advertisement

Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 210–221 | Cite as

Trapping for Sirex Woodwasp in Brazilian Pine Plantations: Lure, Trap Type and Height of Deployment

  • Elder S. P. Batista
  • Richard A. Redak
  • Antonio Carlos Busoli
  • Mariane B. Camargo
  • Jeremy Dean Allison
Article

Abstract

The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) is considered a secondary pest of pine in its native range but has caused considerable economic losses in pine plantation forests in the southern hemisphere. In Brazil, trap trees are the primary tool used for early detection purposes but these are costly, labor-intensive to install and require stressing trees by herbicide application. Flight intercept traps baited with synthetic blends of host volatiles are an attractive alternative but have performed poorly in some settings. This study was carried out to look for alternatives to trap trees for use in Brazilian pine plantations for early detection of S. noctilio. Four field experiments were conducted in two consecutive flight seasons (2015–16 and 2016–17), in planted loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) stands, to compare captures among flight intercept traps baited with different lures, deployed at different heights and among different intercept trap designs. Two experiments compared different host volatile lures and a significant treatment effect was observed in one. No effect of trap design or height was observed.

Keywords

European woodwasp survey and detection woodborer invasive species 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge Luis Carlos Lima and Nassier Teodoro for assistance. This paper is part of grant #2014/06585-3, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP).

References

  1. Allison JD, Redak RA (2017) The impact of trap type and design features on survey and detection of bark and woodboring beetles and their associates: a review and meta-analysis. Annu Rev Entomol 62:127–146.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-010715-023516 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Allison JD, Bhandari BD, McKenney JL, Millar JG (2014) Designs factors that influence the performance of flight intercept traps for the capture of longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambicidae) from the subfamilies Lamiinae and Cerambycinae. PLoS One 9(3):e93203.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093203 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayres MP, Pena R, Lombardo JA, Lombardero MJ (2014) Host use patterns by the European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in its native and invaded range. PLoS One 9:e90321.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090321 PMID: 24675574CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnes BF, Meeker JR, Johnson W, Asaro C, Miller DR, Gandhi KJK (2014) Trapping techniques for siricids and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Siricidae and Ibaliidae) in the southeastern United States. Ann Entomol Soc Am 107:119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bashford R (2008) The development of static trapping systems to monitor for wood-boring insects in forestry plantations. Aust For 71:236–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bashford R, Madden JL (2012) The use of kairomone lures for the detection of Sirex noctilio in susceptible Pinus radiata plantations in Australia. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 159–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beèche M, Lanfranco D, Zapata M, Ruiz C (2012) Surveillance and control of the Sirex Woodwasp: The Chilean experience. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 229–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Billings RF, Upton WW (2010) A methodology for assessing annual risk of southern pine beetle outbreaks across the southern region using pheromone traps. In: Pye JM, Rauscher HM, Sands Y, Lee DC, Beatty JS (eds) Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management, 1st edn. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations, Portland, pp 73–86Google Scholar
  9. Böröczky K, Zylstra KE, McCartney NB, Mastro VC, Tumlinson JH (2012) Volatile profile differences and the associated Sirex noctilio activity in two host tree species in the northeastern United States. J Chem Ecol 38:213–221CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Brockerhoff EG, Jones DC, Kimberley MO, Suckling DM, Donaldson T (2006) Nationwide survey for invasive wood-boring and bark beetles (Coleoptera) using traps baited with pheromones and kairomones. For Ecol Manag 228:234–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carnegie AJ, Bashford R (2012) Sirex woodwasp in Australia: current management strategies, research and emerging issues. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 175–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carnegie AJ, Elderidge RH, Waterson DG (2005) History and management of Sirex wood wasp in pine plantations in new South Wales, Australia. N Z J For Sci 35:3–24Google Scholar
  13. Cooperband MF, Böröczky K, Hartness A, Jones TH, Zylstra KE, Tumlinson JH, Masters GJ (2012) Male-produced pheromone in the European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio. J Chem Ecol 38:52–62CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Costello SL, Negron JF, Jacobi WR (2008) Traps and attractants for wood-boring insects in ponderosa pine stands in the Black Hills, South Dakota. J Econ Entomol 101:409–420CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Coutts MP, Dolezal JE (1969) Emplacement of fungal spores by the woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, during oviposition. For Sci 15:412–416Google Scholar
  16. Dodds KJ, de Groot P (2012) Sirex, surveys and management: challenges of having Sirex noctilio in North America. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 265–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dodds KJ, Ross DW, Daterman GE (2000) A comparison of traps and trap trees for capturing Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). J Entomol Soc BC 97:33–38Google Scholar
  18. Dodds KJ, de Groot P, Orwig DA (2010) The impact of Sirex noctilio in Pinus resinosa and Pinus sylvestris stands in New York and Ontario. Can J For Res 40(2):212–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dodds KJ, Allison JD, Miller DR, Hanavan RP, Sweeney J (2015) Considering species richness and rarity when selecting optimal survey traps: comparisons of semiochemical baited flight intercept traps for Cerambycidae in eastern North America. Agric For Entomol 17:36–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Eager PT, Allen DC, Frair JL, Fierke MK (2011) Within-tree distributions of the Sirex noctilio Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) – parasitoid complex and development of an optimal sampling scheme. Environ Entomol 40:1266–1275CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Foelker CJ (2016) Beneath the bark: associations among Sirex noctilio development, bluestain fungi, and pine host species in North America. Ecol Entomol 41:676–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Foelker CJ, Standley CR, Parry D, Fierke MK (2016) Complex ecological relationships among an assemblage of indigenous hymenopteran parasitoids, the exotic European woodwasp (Sirex noctilio; Hymenoptera: Siricidae), and a native congener. Can Entomol 148(5):532–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Haavik LJ, Batista E, Dodds KJ, Johnson W, Meeker JR, Scarr TA, Allison JD (2014) Type of intercept trap not important for capturing female Sirex noctilio and S. nigricornis (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in North America. J Econ Entomol 107(3):1295–1298CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Haavik LJ, Dodds KJ, Allison JD (2015) Do native insects and associated fungi limit non-native woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, survival in a newly invaded environment? PLoS One 10:e0138516.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138516 PMID: 26447845CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Haavik LJ, Dodds KJ, Ryan K, Allison JD (2016) Evidence that the availability of suitable pine limits non-native Sirex noctilio in Ontario. Agric For Entomol 18:357–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Haavik LJ, Dodds KJ, Allison JD (2017) Suitability of eastern pines for oviposition and survival of Sirex noctilio F. PLoS One 12(3):e0174532.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174532 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Haugen DA, Bedding RA, Underdown MG, Neumann FG (1990) National strategy for control of Sirex noctilio in Australia. Aust For Grower 13(2):8Google Scholar
  28. Hurley BP, Slippers B, Wingfield MJ (2007) A comparison of control results for the alien invasive woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in the southern hemisphere. Agric For Entomol 9:159–171.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-9563.2007.00340.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hurley BP, Garnas J, Cooperband MF (2015) Assessing trap and lure effectiveness for the monitoring of Sirex noctilio. Agric For Entomol 17(1):64–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hurley BP, Croft P, Verleur M, Wingfield MJ, Slippers B (2012) The control of the Sirex woodwasp in diverse environments: the south African experience. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 247–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Iede ET, Penteado RCS, Filho WR (2012) The woodwasp Sirex noctilio in Brazil: monitoring and control. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 217–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jaenike J (1978) On optimal oviposition behavior in phytophagous insects. Theor Popul Biol 14:350–356CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Johnson CW, Meeker JR, Ross WG, Petty SD, Bruce B, Steiner C (2013) Detection and seasonal abundance of Sirex nigricornis and Eriotremex formosanus (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) using various lures and trap trees in Central Louisiana, U.S. J Entomol Sci 48:173–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Klasmer P, Botto E (2012) The ecology and biological control of the woodwasp Sirex noctilio in Patagonia, Argentina. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 203–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Liebhold AM, Tobin PC (2008) Population ecology of insect invasions and their management. Annu Rev Entomol 53:387–408CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Madden JL (1971) Some treatments which render Monterey pine (Pinus radiata) attractive to the wood wasp Sirex noctilio F. Bull Entomol Res 60:467–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Madden JL (1974) Oviposition behavior of the woodwasp Sirex noctilio F. Aust J Zool 22:341–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Madden JL (1988) Sirex in Australasia. In: Berryman AA (ed) Dynamics of forest insect populations, 1st edn. Plenum Press, New York, pp 407–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Madden JL, Coutts MP. (1979) The role of fungi in the biology and ecology of woodwasps (Hymenoptera: Siricidae). Insect–fungus Symbiosis: 165–174Google Scholar
  40. Madden JL, Irvine CJ (1971) The use of lure trees for the detection of Sirex noctilio in the field. Aust For 35:164–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Martínez AS, Villacide J, Fernández Ajó AA, Martinson SJ, Corley JC (2014) Sirex noctilio flight behavior: toward improving current monitoring techniques. Entomol Exp Appl 152(2):135–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mayhew PJ (1997) Adaptive patterns of host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. Oikos 79:417–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McIntosh RL, Katinic PJ, Allison JD, Borden JH, Downey DL (2001) Comparative efficacy of five types of trap for woodborers in the Cerambycidae, Buprestidae and Siricidae. Agric For Entomol 3:113–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Mercader RJ, McCullough DG, Bedford JM (2013) A comparison of girdled ash detection trees and baited artificial traps for Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) detection. Environ Entomol 42:1027–1039CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Miller DR, Crowe CM, Barnes BF, Gandhi KJK, Duerr DA (2013) Attaching lures to multiple-funnel traps targeting saproxylic beetles (Coleoptera) in pine stands: inside or outside funnels? J Econ Entomol 106(1):206–214CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Morgan FD, Stewart NC (1966) The biology and behavior of the woodwasp Sirex noctilio F. in New Zealand. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 7:195–204Google Scholar
  47. Myers JH, Simberloff D, Kuris AM, Carey JR (2000) Eradication revisited: dealing with exotic species. Trends Ecol Evol 15:316–320CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Neumann FG, Minko G (1981) The Sirex wood wasp in Australian radiata pine plantations. Aust For 44:46–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Neumann FG, Harris JA, Kassaby FY, Minko G (1982) An improved technique for early detection and control of the Sirex wood wasp in radiata pine plantations. Aust For 45:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Penteado SRC, Iede ET, Reis-Filho W (2002) Manual para o controle da vespa-da-madeira em plantio de pinus. Embrapa CNPF, ColomboGoogle Scholar
  51. Rabaglia R, Duerr D, Acciavatti R, Ragenovich I (2008) Early detection and rapid response for non-native bark and ambrosia beetles. USDA Forest Service Forest Health Protection, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  52. Rawlings GB, Wilson NM (1949) Sirex noctilio as a beneficial and destructive insect of Pinus radiata in New Zealand. N. Z J For 6(1):20–29Google Scholar
  53. Ryan K, Hurley BP (2012) Life history and biology of Sirex noctilio. In: Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (eds) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont, 1st edn. Springer, New York, pp 15–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Ryan K, De Groot P, Nott RW, Drabble S, Ochoa I, Davis C et al (2012) Natural enemies associated with Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) and S. nigricornis in Ontario, Canada. Environ Entomol 41:289–297.  https://doi.org/10.1603/EN11275 PMID: 22507001CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Sarvary MA, Cooperband MF, Hajek AE (2015) The importance of olfactory and visual cues in developing better monitoring tools for Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae). Agric For Entomol 17:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Simpson RF (1976) Bioassay of pine oil components as attractants for Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) using electroantennogram techniques. Entomol Exp Appl 19:11–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Simpson RF, McQuilkin RM (1976) Identification of volatiles from felled Pinus radiata and the electroantennograms they elicit from Sirex noctilio. Entomol Exp Appl 19:205–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Slippers B, de Groot P, Wingfield MJ (2012) The Sirex woodwasp and its fungal symbiont: research and management of a worldwide invasive pest. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (1981) Biometry: the principles and practice of statistics in biological research, 2nd edn. W. H. Freeman Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  60. Thomson JN (1988) Evolutionary ecology of the relationshp between oviposition preference and performance of offspring in phytophagous insects. Entomol Exp Appl 47:3–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zylstra KE, Mastro VC (2012) Common mortality factors of woodwasp larvae in three northeastern United States host species. J Insect Sci 12:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Zylstra KE, Dodds KJ, Francese JA, Mastro V (2010) Sirex noctilio in North America: the effect of stem injection timing on the attractiveness and suitability of trap trees. Agric For Entomol 12:243–250Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elder S. P. Batista
    • 1
  • Richard A. Redak
    • 2
  • Antonio Carlos Busoli
    • 1
  • Mariane B. Camargo
    • 3
  • Jeremy Dean Allison
    • 4
  1. 1.Departamento de FitossanidadeUniversidade Estadual Paulista, Unesp/FCAVJaboticabalBrazil
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  3. 3.Klabin FlorestalTelêmaco BorbaBrazil
  4. 4.Natural Resources CanadaSault Ste MarieCanada

Personalised recommendations