Recent Advances in Rechargeable Batteries with Prussian Blue Analogs Nanoarchitectonics


Sustainable energy storage system requires high-performance rechargeable batteries with earth-abundant elements and cost-effective electrodes. Prussian blue (PB) and its analogs (PBAs) are a large family of materials with open frameworks. Benefiting from nanoarchitectonics, the PBAs are receiving great attention as cathodic materials for various rechargeable batteries. In this review, we present a general summary and evaluation on the recent advances of PBAs for the rechargeable batteries applications. The general synthetic methods and the chemical properties of PBAs have also been discussed. This review aims to provide a brief outlook on the current and future research strategies of PBAs in the electrochemical energy storage.

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Fig. 1

Copyright 2019, Royal Society of Chemistry) b Schematic of reaction mechanism of yolk-shell structured K0.86Mn[Fe(CN)6]0.74·2.35H2O. (Reprinted with permission [50] Copyright 2019, Elsevier)

Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Copyright 2017, Elsevier) d NiFe PBA, e CuFe PBA, (Reprinted with permission [69] Copyright 2017, Elsevier) f ZnFe PBA. (Reprinted with permission [71] Copyright 2012, Royal Society of Chemistry)

Fig. 4

Copyright 2019, Elsevier). b Na1.38Mn[Fe(CN)6]0.92∙□0.08·2.57H2O. (Reprinted with permission [67] Copyright 2019, Wiley)

Fig. 5

Copyright 2019, Elsevier). b Diagrammatic phase transition of rhombohedral Na1.34Ni[Fe(CN)6]0.81. (Reprinted with permission [78] Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society) (c) Monoclinic phase Na1.48Ni[Fe(CN)6]0.89·2.87H2O stemmed from Rietveld refinements. (Reprinted with permission [49] Copyright 2019, Wiley)

Fig. 6

Copyright 2019, Wiley). b scheme of mesoframe and schematic crystal structure for Na2Ni[Fe(CN)6. (Reprinted with permission [13] Copyright 2018, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, published by Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute). c Charge/discharge profiles the Na2Ni0.4Co0.6[Fe(CN)6] material. (Reprinted with permission [83] Copyright 2017, American Chemical Society)

Fig. 7

Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society). b Galvanostatic charge/discharge curves of K1.63Ni0.05Fe0.95[Fe(CN)6]0.92·0.42H2O. (Reprinted with permission [89] Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society). c Illustration scheme and long cycling performance at 1000 mA g−1 of K0.68Fe[Fe(CN)6]0.860.14·1.68H2O. (Reprinted with permission [90] Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society)

Fig. 8

Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society)

Fig. 9

Copyright 2019, nature research). b K2NiFe(CN)6·1.2H2O. (Reprinted with permission [96] Copyright 2018, Wiley)


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The authors of this work gratefully appreciate the financial support provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41573096, 21707064), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (Grant No. IRT_17R71), Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (Grant QD2019005).

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Correspondence to Wenqian Chen or Liang Tang or Ming Hu.

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Li, Y., Dang, Q., Chen, W. et al. Recent Advances in Rechargeable Batteries with Prussian Blue Analogs Nanoarchitectonics. J Inorg Organomet Polym (2021).

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  • Nanoarchitectonics
  • Prussian blue analogs
  • Energy storage
  • Rechargeable batteries
  • Electrochemical properties