Study of Nanostructural, Electrical, and Optical Properties of Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG/PVP/PVA Ferrogels for Optoelectronic Applications

Abstract

Ferrogels based on polyvinylpyrrolidone/polyvinyl alcohol (PVP/PVA) matrices with Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–polyethylene glycol (Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG) were synthesized using the freezing–thawing method. The phase structure and morphology of ferrogels with Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG filler were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. The Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG/PVP/PVA ferrogel was characterized using small-angle X-ray scattering to determine the distribution of Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG nanoparticles through two-lognormal data analysis; the semicrystallite distribution of the PVP/PVA was investigated using the Beaucage and Teubner–Strey models. The optical and electrical properties of the Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG nanoparticles were characterized using a UV–Vis spectrophotometer. The XRD analysis showed that the Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG exhibits an inverse-spinel cubic structure with an average particle size of 10.2 nm. This result was corroborated by TEM analysis, which revealed an average size of 10.9 nm through the Image-J software analysis. The two-lognormal method was used to analyze the distribution of Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG nanoparticles in the ferrogel, revealing a secondary particle size of approximately 9.8 nm. These secondary particles are, on average, evenly arranged with respect to the primary particles with a diameter of 3.3 nm. UV–Vis data analysis showed that the refractive index and energy gap of the Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG nanoparticles were approximately 2.79 and 2.24 eV, respectively. The optical conductivity and electrical conductivity calculated from the refractive-index and energy-gap data were 1.27 × 108 and 70 Ω−1 cm−1, respectively. These results indicate that the Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG nanoparticles exhibit strong potential for use as a base material in optoelectronics applications.

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Acknowledgements

This work would not have been possible without financial support from the PDUPT DRPM DIKTI research Grant on behalf of SN. The author would like to thank the PDUPT DRPM DIKTI for financial support.

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Sunaryono, Hidayat, M.F., Kholifah, M.N. et al. Study of Nanostructural, Electrical, and Optical Properties of Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG/PVP/PVA Ferrogels for Optoelectronic Applications. J Inorg Organomet Polym (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-020-01630-6

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Keywords

  • Electrical properties
  • Magnetic hydrogel
  • Mn0.6Fe2.4O4–PEG
  • Optical properties