Green Synthesis of Pd Nanoparticles Mediated by Thymbra Spicata Leaves Extract and Its Application as a Recyclable Nanocatalyst for Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol and Suzuki Reactions

  • Sepideh Tanreh
  • Sara Hallajian
  • Yasaman Pourdakheli Hamedani
  • Pooneh Nazari
  • Kiana Darvishi
  • Malak Hekmati
Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

A simple and ecological pathway for the procurement of palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) was developed, applying the non-toxic and sustainable natural extract from Thymbra spicata leaves as the reducing, stabilizing and capping agent. UV–vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, were utilized to classify the synthesized Pd NPs@Thymbra spicata catalyst. The Pd NPs@Thymbra spicata demonstrated excellent behavior as a reusable nanocatalyst in Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reactions and reduction of 4-nitrophenol at room temperature. The nanocatalyst was reused in numerous runs with excellent product yields and without any significant deduction in catalytic behavior.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Pd nanoparticles Thymbra spicata Green chemistry 4-Nitrophenol Suzuki 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, for partial support of this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sepideh Tanreh
    • 1
  • Sara Hallajian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yasaman Pourdakheli Hamedani
    • 1
  • Pooneh Nazari
    • 1
  • Kiana Darvishi
    • 1
  • Malak Hekmati
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical ChemistryPharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, (IAUPS)TehranIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers & elite ClubPharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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