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The Effect of the Temperature–Time Mode of Crystallization on the Morphology and Thermal Properties of Nanocomposites Based on Polypropylene and Magnetite (Fe3O4)

  • M. A. Ramazanov
  • A. M. Maharramov
  • F. V. Hajiyeva
  • H. A. Shirinova
  • Luca Di Palma
Article

Abstract

In the present study, the influence of the temperature–time mode of crystallization (TTC) on the morphology and thermal properties of PP/Fe3O4 nanocomposite materials was investigated. The morphology of the nanocomposites prepared in different TTC mode was studied by atomic force microscope. AFM study shows that the root mean square roughness of samples is 90–95, 50, 21 nm for PP/Fe3O4@20, PP/Fe3O4@200 and PP/Fe3O4@20000 respectively. Thermo gravimetric analysis was employed to investigate the thermal stability of PP/Fe3O4 nanocomposites obtained applying different TTC modes. It was found that thermal stability of water-cooled nanocomposite samples (PP/Fe3O4@200) is higher than the thermal stability of samples obtained with other two modes. Crystallization and melting behaviors of nanocomposite samples prepared in different TTC mode have been studied with DSC method and the degree of crystallinity of samples was calculated. It was found that, degree of crystalization decreases with increasing of cooling rate. The XRD patterns of samples produced in different TTC modes also correlate well with this result.

Keywords

Polypropylene Magnetite Thermal properties 

Supplementary material

10904_2017_767_MOESM1_ESM.docx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Ramazanov
    • 1
  • A. M. Maharramov
    • 1
  • F. V. Hajiyeva
    • 1
  • H. A. Shirinova
    • 1
  • Luca Di Palma
    • 2
  1. 1.Physics FacultyBaku State UniversityBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering Materials EnvironmentSapienza University-INSTM, UdR Uniroma1 SapienzaRomaItaly

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