Advertisement

Superb Capacity of Magnetic Sludge-Floc-Based Adsorbents for Congo Red: Synthesis and Adsorption Studies

  • Dan Cai
  • Tailiang Zhang
  • Fangjie Zhang
Article
  • 107 Downloads

Abstract

Adsorbents based on sludge flocs derived from wastewater have been widely developed in recent years. Herein, one of the adsorbents (PFloc) was obtained from water produced from oil without further treatment and was eluted via polysilicate aluminium to produce another adsorbent, MPFloc. The physiochemical characteristics of MPFloc and PFloc were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, contact angle measurements, scanning electron microsocpy, thermogravimetric analysis and zeta-potential techniques. The adsorption performance parameters of MPFloc and PFloc were assessed using Congo red (CR). The effect of dosage and settling time on CR adsorption was investigated. The adsorption capacities of adsorbents reached 1924.4 mg and 854.3 mg g−1 (generally below 100 mg g−1), respectively, because of their large quantities of –OH, better dispersion in CR solution, strong positive charge and cross-linked structure. The dynamic adsorption modes of the adsorption data were studied, which indicated that the adsorption process follows a pseudo-second-order model. Moreover, the adsorption isotherms of PFloc and MPFloc were in agreement with the Freundlich and Langmuir models, respectively. The waste utilization and superb adsorption capacity of MPFloc and PFloc provide new insight into the preparation of adsorbents.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Sludge flocs Adsorbent Utilization Congo red Polysilicate aluminium 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support and technical support provided by Southwest Petroleum University.

References

  1. 1.
    A.Z.M. Badruddoza, G.S.S. Hazel, K. Hidajat, M.S. Uddin, Synthesis of carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin conjugated magnetic nano-adsorbent for removal of methylene blue. Colloids Surf. A 367(1–3), 85–95 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Cheng et al., Sludge carbonization and activation: from hazardous waste to functional materials for water treatment. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 4(4), 4574–4586 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Chibowski, Surface free energy of a solid from contact angle hysteresis. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 103(2), 149–172 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Devi, A.K. Saroha, Utilization of sludge based adsorbents for the removal of various pollutants: a review. Sci. Total Environ. 578, 16–33 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Fan et al., Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by sewage sludge-derived biochar: adsorption kinetics, equilibrium, thermodynamics and mechanism. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 5(1), 601–611 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Foroughi-dahr, M. Esmaieli, H. Abolghasemi, A. Shojamoradi, E. Sadeghi Pouya, Continuous adsorption study of congo red using tea waste in a fixed-bed column. Desalin. Water Treat. 57(18), 8437–8446 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Gupta, I. Ali, T. Saleh, A. Nayak, S. Agarwal, Chemical treatment technologies for waste-water recycling-an overview. RSC Adv. 2(16), 6380–6388 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y.S. Ho, G. Mckay, Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem. 34(5), 451–465 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Hou, R. Zhou, P. Wu, L. Wu, Removal of Congo red dye from aqueous solution with hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite. Chem. Eng. J. 211–212, 336–342 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.S. Hsu, W.H. Chang, J.J. Lin, Nanohybrids of magnetic iron-oxide particles in hydrophobic organoclays for oil recovery. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(5), 1349 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    B.I. Langmuir, The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J. Chem. Phys. 40(12), 1361–1403 (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.G. Leyva, J. Marrero, P. Smichowski, D. Cicerone, Sorption of antimony onto hydroxyapatite. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35(18), 3669–3675 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Li et al., Magnetic polydopamine decorated with Mg–Al LDH nanoflakes as a novel bio-based adsorbent for simultaneous removal of potentially toxic metals and anionic dyes. J. Mater. Chem. A 4(5), 1737–1746 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I.D. Mall, V.C. Srivastava, N.K. Agarwal, I.M. Mishra, Removal of congo red from aqueous solution by bagasse fly ash and activated carbon: kinetic study and equilibrium isotherm analyses. Chemosphere 61(4), 492–501 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Mekhloufi, A. Zehhaf, A. Benyoucef, C. Quijada, E. Morallon, Removal of 8-quinolinecarboxylic acid pesticide from aqueous solution by adsorption on activated montmorillonites. Environ. Monit. Assess. 185(12), 10365–10375 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Ngulube, J.R. Gumbo, V. Masindi, A. Maity, An update on synthetic dyes adsorption onto clay based minerals: a state-of-art review. J. Environ. Manag. 191, 35–57 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Pajootan, M. Arami, N.M. Mahmoodi, Binary system dye removal by electrocoagulation from synthetic and real colored wastewaters. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 43(2), 282–290 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Rui, L. Xiaoheng, Thermogravimetric analysis of bebtonites hardened by sodium silicate. Oilfield Chem. 15(4), 293–296 (1998)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. Tseng, C. Huang, C. Chieng, H. Huang, C. Liu, Size effect on surface tension and contact angle between protein solution and silicon compound, PC, and PMMA substrates. Nanoscale Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 6(1), 31–53 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Wang, J. Li, Y. Wang, L. Zhao, Preparation of nanocrystalline Fe 3-x LaxO4 ferrite and their adsorption capability for Congo red. J. Hazard. Mater. 196, 342–349 (2011)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Wang, J. Li, Y. Wang, L. Zhao, Q. Jiang, Adsorption capability for Congo red on nanocrystalline MFe2O4 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) spinel ferrites. Chem. Eng. J. 181–182, 72–79 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    X.S. Wang, J.P. Chen, Biosorption of Congo red from aqueous solution using wheat bran and rice bran: batch studies. Sep. Sci. Technol. 44(6), 1452–1466 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Wei et al., Characterisation and coagulation performance of an inorganic coagulant—poly-magnesium-silicate-chloride in treatment of simulated dyeing wastewater. Colloids Surf. A 470, 137–141 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    X. Xu, S.-l.. Yu, W. Shi, Z.-q.. Jiang, C. Wu, Effect of acid medium on the coagulation efficiency of polysilicate-ferric (PSF)—a new kind of inorganic polymer coagulant. Sep. Purif. Technol. 66(3), 486–491 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Zehhaf et al., Lead ion adsorption from aqueous solutions in modified Algerian montmorillonites. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 110(3), 1069–1077 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Zehhaf, A. Benyoucef, C. Quijada, S. Taleb, E. Morallón, Algerian natural montmorillonites for arsenic(III) removal in aqueous solution. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12(2), 595–602 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Zhang et al., Superior adsorption capacity of Fe3O4@nSiO2@mSiO2 core-shell microspheres for removal of Congo red from aqueous solution. J. Mol. Liq. 219, 88–94 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    X.M. Zheng, W.M. Lu, D.Z. Sun, Enthalpy and entropy criterion for the molecular recognize of some organic compounds with beta cyclodextrin. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 17(4), (2001)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    H.Y. Zhu et al., Adsorption removal of Congo red onto magnetic cellulose/Fe3O4/activated carbon composite: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Chem. Eng. J. 173(2), 494–502 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringSouthwest Petroleum UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations