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Preparation of Magnetic Kaolinite Nanotubes for the Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution

  • Hongliang Xu
  • Jinghao Liu
  • Pei Chen
  • Gang Shao
  • Bingbing Fan
  • Hailong Wang
  • Deliang Chen
  • Hongxia Lu
  • Rui Zhang
Article

Abstract

Kaolinite nanotubes (KNTs) were prepared by using a solvothermal method and natural kaolin as raw material. Magnetic kaolinite nanotubes (MKNTs), whose mass ratio of Fe3O4 to KNTs is 1:5, were prepared by the chemical co-precipitation method. The methylene blue (MB) adsorbing ability of the as received materials was studied. The chemical and mineral composition, structure and morphology of samples were investigated using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopic analysis and N2 adsorption–desorption isotherm. A set of experiments were carried out under different conditions of contact time, adsorbent dosage, temperature, initial MB concentration and pH value to investigate the adsorption behavior of MB onto MKNTs. 94.20% of MB was removed by adding 0.04 g MKNTs into a 10 mg L−1 solution (50 mL) at 298 K for 20 min. The experimental adsorption data followed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm. MKNTs showed excellent magnetic separation property and reusability.

Keywords

Kaolinite Magnetic kaolinite nanotubes Adsorption Methylene blue 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the financial support from the Key Scientific Research Projects for Institutes of Higher Education of Henan Province, China (Grant Number 15A430010).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry ManagementZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Funik Ultrahard Material CO., LTDZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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