A Comparison of the Formation of SiO2 Particles Under the Catalysis of Dodecylamine and Ammonia Solutions

  • Hui Zhao
  • Ying Xin
  • Haixia Wang
  • Zhaoliang Zhang
  • Shiquan Liu


SiO2 products were prepared by the hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate with ammonia and dodecylamine (DDA) solutions as the basic catalyst, respectively. Thermal gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscope and N2-sorption were used to characterize the synthesized products. The results show that the morphology and textural characteristics of the products prepared in inorganic ammonia and organic amine solutions with the same pH value are quite different. Uniform non-porous silica microspheres and agglomerated sphere-like microporous silica particles with large surface area and pore volume are obtained with the addition of ammonia and DDA solutions, respectively. The differences are due to the different roles that ammonia and DDA solutions play in the silica formation process.


Silica Ammonia Dodecylamine Catalyst Porosity 



This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50972052) and the Promotive Research Fund for Excellent Young and Middle-aged Scientists of Shandong Province (2009CL014).


  1. 1.
    C.J. Brinker, G.W. Scherer, The physics and chemistry of sol-gel processing (Academic Press, San Diego, 1990)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Stöber, A. Fink, E. Bohn: J. Colloid Interf Sci. 26, 62 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.M. Cram, D.J. Cram, The essence of organic chemistry (Addison-wesley, California, 1978)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.T. Tanev, T.J. Pinnavaia, Science 267, 865 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Kosuge, P.S. Singh, Micro. Meso. Mater. 44–45, 139 (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Zhao, J.G. Yu, B. Cheng, C.Z. Yu, J Non-Cryst Solids 351, 3593 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Nagao, H. Osuzu, A. Yamada, E. Mine, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, J Colloid Interf Sci 279, 143 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Kosuge, T. Murakami, N. Kikukawa, M. Takemori, Chem. Mater. 15, 3184 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Rouquerol, J. Rouquerol, K. Sing, Adsorption by powders and porous solids: principles, methodology and applications (Academic press, San Diego, 1999)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Van Blaaderen, J. Van Geest, A. Vrij, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. Vol. 154, 481 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G.H. Bogush, C.F. Zukoski, J Colloid Interf Sci 142, 19 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.S. Beck, J.C. Vartuli, W.J. Roth, M.E. Leonowicz, C.T. Kresge, K.D. Schmitt, C.T.W. Chu, D.H. Olson, E.W. Sheppard, B. McCullen, J.B. Higgins, J.L. Schlenker, J Am Chem Soc 114, 10834 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Zhao
    • 1
  • Ying Xin
    • 2
  • Haixia Wang
    • 1
  • Zhaoliang Zhang
    • 2
  • Shiquan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of JinanJinanChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of JinanJinanChina

Personalised recommendations