Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 673–686 | Cite as

A Review of Research on Health Outcomes for Workers, Home and Host Communities of Population Mobility Associated with Extractive Industries

  • Jason G. Carney
  • Brian D. Gushulak
Review Paper


With a growing awareness of the association between extractive industries, the nature of work in remote locations, population mobility and health status, there is a need to advance an evidence-based approach to ensuring the health of migrant and mobile populations, and the home and host communities with whom they interact. Through a narrative synthesis of peer-reviewed and grey literature, this review examines what is known, and the nature of research activity concerning the range of health impacts determined by the social conditions inherent with population mobility alongside mining and extractive industries; and the extent to which health outcomes impact on workers, and home and host communities. While much of the literature reviewed in the study considered health in a traditional disease or illness based approach, it is clear that many risk factors for the health of mobile workers in the sector reflect broader social determinants. To support the mitigation of individual and population vulnerability to infectious disease endemics, consideration of both the etiology and the social conditions that give rise to adverse health outcomes is required, including an improvement to workers’ living conditions, the expansion of diagnostic and medical services, and an approach that ensures the right to health for mobile populations. To further improve upon the rich body of research, resources are required to implement robust data collection including epidemiological surveillance, outbreak monitoring and investigation, and the long term tracking of standardized health information at both origin locations and destination communities.


Population mobility Migrant worker or labourer Mining Extractive industries 


Author contributions

The authors have collaborated on conceptualization of the research and development of the manuscript. Jason Carney had developed the methods, conducted the literature search and content analysis, determined the conclusions, and prepared the manuscript. Brian Gushulak had developed the framework for analysis, and provided advice on the research process and manuscript preparation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest with the publication of this manuscript.



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Thunder BayCanada
  2. 2.Migration Health Consultants, Inc.Qualicum BeachCanada

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